Mato Grosso in Brazil in October/November 2006

Brazil: Atlantic Rainforest and Pantanal, Sept 6th – Oct 12th 2009
February 24, 2010
Raphael Santos
April 1, 2010

Mato Grosso in Brazil in October/November 2006

Mato Grosso in Brazil in October/November 2006,

Jan Vermeulen

General Information
References
Itinerary (summary)
Descriptions of the sites visited in Brazil

PANTANAL
CHAPADA DOS GUIMARÃES
ALTA FLORESTA
CRISTALINO JUNGLE LODGE

Daily Log
Systematic List of Birds
Systematic List of Mammals

GENERAL INFORMATION

The following report is based on a 2½ weeks birding trip to the state of Mato Grosso in Brazil in October/November 2006. Marc Brosens from my own village and my Belgian friends Luc Bekaert, Jos & Staf Elzermans and Luc van Gompel accompanied me.

Brazil has approximately 1,660 species and 180 endemics, a virtual paradise for the serious birder. Brazil is by far the largest country in South America and it is larger than the whole of Western Europe.

Brazil is a vast melting pot of peoples and cultures and it’s also blessed with an extraordinary wealth of wildlife, from the steamy Amazon forests to the more temperate regions in the south. It probably takes 4 – 5 separate (3 weeks) trips to really nail the country’s birds.

Having visited the Atlantic rainforest area in Brazil in 2001, we decided to visit the large state of Mato Grosso.

In Mato Grosso we visited the Pantanal, one of the largest wetlands in the world, Chapada dos Guimarães, located on the edge of Brazil’s central plateau and the Rio Cristalino Forest Reserve near Alta Floresta, situated at the southern edge of the Amazonian rainforest.

FLIGHT AND VISA

We booked our flight from Amsterdam to Cuiabá for € 950 with KLM and TAM. This flight took approximately 13 hours and went via São Paulo. The flights were punctual and trouble free.

As with most South American countries you do not need a visa for Brazil if you intend to stay no more than 90 days.

GENERAL

Virtually all the arrangements for this trip I made via the web using English only – although many in Brazil speak little or no English, E-mails in English do seem to work pretty well.

MONEY AND ACCOMMODATION

The unit of currency in Brazil is the Brazilian Real. The exchange rate in November 2006 was about 2,10 to the US$. One can easily change US dollars everywhere in the cities. Credit cards: Visa and MasterCard are widely accepted in the large shops of Cuiabá and the more expensive hotels.

Hotel accommodation is usually of quite a high standard and in the largest cities, there is a wide range of places to stay.

FOOD AND DRINK

Brazilian food is distinctive and is generally good. Stay away from uncooked fruits and vegetables that you haven’t peeled yourself, and don’t use ice. Brazilian beer, especially Skol, is one of the best on the continent. Mineral water and bottled drinks are available.

HEALTH

The usual tropical health problems present themselves on a trip to Brazil. For vaccinations consult your own doctor for up to date advice. Be sure to get enough malaria tablets for your trip, and do take them! It is advisable to take a good medical kit with you as you are sometimes along way away from the nearest largest town. Mosquitoes (Pantanal) and flies are sometimes a problem. The grassy areas of Brazil can be loaded with vicious microscopic red itchy little buggers known as chiggers.

These tiny mites raise welts, which itch like, well, like crazy. Chiggers attack wherever clothes fit tightly, such as around the belt line and sock tops, but also at other places of your body, no matter how private.

Insect repellent is necessary at these locations. Spray your socks and pant-legs liberally with an insect repellent before going afield and take a hot soapy bath upon returning.

SAFETY

Brazil has a bad reputation as a high crime area; this reputation is probably not deserved. Brazil is a friendly country and at present a fairly safe place to travel. Forget the crime-and-violence headlines. Outside the tourist areas, you don’t need to worry, people are very nice and friendly

We travelled for 2½ weeks had nothing stolen and never felt threatened or even uncomfortable and where in the world is safe these days. We were not hassled or bothered while birdwatching around the country. Still, in the larger cities you should take precautions against pickpockets and other theft. Lock your car at all times; never leave valuables in open sight.

LANGUAGE

Portuguese is almost all you’ll hear off the beaten path. With very few exceptions Brazil is a country were English is not spoken widely (some of the larger hotels have one or more employees who speak English) and very little Spanish, so at least a rudimentary command of Portuguese or a Portuguese dictionary will be helpful.

WEATHER

Temperatures were generally quite hot at midday – good time for a rest, when the bird activity was low anyway.

Our trip was towards the beginning of the wet season in the areas of Brazil we visited, and we certainly had some rain.

In the Cristalino, the periods of rain were relatively brief and usually in the late afternoon, and so didn’t affect birding significantly, although on one morning there was more prolonged rain.

EQUIPMENT

An iPod and the “MP3 Sound Collection of Birds of Brazil” by Peter Boesman are quite useful for drawing in birds.

With the help of the iPod we played the songs of a lot of birds. Sometimes we recorded the song or call and played it back again. An iPod and a tape recorder is essential if you want to catch sight of secretive species. A good torch is a must. A telescope is useful at lakes and very useful for viewing canopy species (the Tower at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge) especially from roadsides. Clothing can be T-shirt and short anywhere.

TROUBLESOME SPECIES

As anyone who has birded the Neotropics knows, the Tyrant-Flycatchers present the most identification problems, consequently many birds remained unidentified. A combination of range, altitude and habitat can aid identification, but ultimately the most useful tool for difficult genera is call recognition.

ENGLISH NAMES

I have decided to follow the English names of James F. Clements (Birds of the World, A Check List, Fifth Edition, 2000).

COMMON BIRDSPECIES

The following list of birds we saw frequently and if you spend any sort of time in the right habitats you will too:

Neotropic Cormorant, Anhinga, Cocoi Heron, Great Egret, Cattle Egret, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Jabiru, White-faced Whistling-Duck, Black Vulture, Plumbeous Kite, Savanna Hawk, Black-collared Hawk, Southern Caracara, Chaco Chachalaca, Limpkin, Wattled Jacana, Ruddy Ground-Dove, White-eyed Parakeet, Monk Parakeet, Blue-headed Parrot, Smooth-billed Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Ringed Kingfisher, Amazon Kingfisher, Black-fronted Nunbird, Rufous Hornero, Cattle Tyrant, Great Kiskadee, Tropical Kingbird, Brown-chested Martin, White-winged Swallow, Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Black-capped Donacobius, Purplish Jay, Silver-beaked Tanager, Palm Tanager, Saffron Finch, Yellow-billed Cardinal, Blue-black Grassquit, Unicoloured Blackbird, Yellow-rumped Cacique, Crested Oropendola.

The list of birds mentioned in the daily log, which follows, is purely taken at random from each day’s events highlighting some of the more interesting species. For a detailed report of species and numbers please refer to the systematic list at the end of this report.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I want to thank my friend Mark van Beirs for his help and valuable advice in planning this trip. Also many thanks to our excellent guide Eduardo Patrial at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge. His knowledge of the birdsongs in the Amazonian rainforest was a great help for us in finding and identifying the birds.

USEFUL ADDRESSES

BOUTE EXPEDITIONS – Birdwatching, Natural History & Photo Safaris.
Home page: www.boute-expeditions.com
E-mail: boute-expeditions@uol.com.br
Phone & Fax: + 55 65 3686.2231
Várzea Grande(Greater Cuiabá) – Mato Grosso – Brazil

Cristalino Jungle Lodge
Floresta Tour Viagens e Turismo/ Floresta Tour Agency
Av. Perimetral Oeste, 2001
Alta Floresta – MT – Brazil
78.850-000 – Tel: 55.66.3512.7100 – R. 7111
TeleFax: 55.66.3521.2221
E-mail: info@cristalinolodge.com.br
Web page: www.cristalinolodge.com.br

Eduardo W. Patrial
Rua Santos, 797, apto. 701. Centro
Londrina PR Brazil
Phone : (55-43) 33-450300. Cel : (55-43) 99-454873
E-mail : ew_patrial@yahoo.com.br

REFERENCES

BOOKS

¨  James F. Clements. Birds of the World. A Check List, Fifth Edition.

¨  John S. Dunning. South American Birds, a Photographic Aid to Identification.

¨  Louise H. Emmons and Francois Feer. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals – A Field Guide.

¨  Martín R. de La Peña and Maurice Rumboll. Birds of Southern South America and Antarctica (Collins Illustrated Checklist).

¨  Deodato Souza. All the Birds of Brazil.

¨  Robert S. Ridgeley and Guy Tudor. The Birds of South America, Volume I, The Oscine Passerines.

¨  Robert S. Ridgeley and Guy Tudor. The Birds of South America, Volume II, The Suboscine Passerines.

¨  Nigel Wheatley. Where to watch birds in South America.

Fieldguides are a problem area for Brazil, but improved with the recently published “All the Birds of Brazil” by Souza, in English. This is derided by some birders, but does at least have all the species in one book. Illustrations are poor by modern standards, but adequate to identify the more “obvious” birds – less good for all the obscure Flycatchers and Foliage-Gleaners etc.

Nigel Wheatley’s “Where to watch birds in South America” is also useful at the planning stage.

REPORTS AND ARTICLES ON BIRDING LOCALITIES

¨  Bret M. Whitney. Birding the Alta Floresta region, northern Mato Grosso, Brazil. Cotinga, number 7, April 1997.

¨  Samuel Hansson. Cristalino Jungle Lodge & Alta Floresta, with notes from Chapada dos Guimarães and the Pantanal.

¨  Henk Hendriks. Brazil 24 July – 12 August 2004.

¨  Frank Lambert and Joe Tobias. Cristalino Jungle Lodge and Alta Floresta, Brazil, April – June 2004.

¨  Graeme Wallace. Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil. 11th July – 12th September and
26th October – 21st November 2005.

ITINERARY

SUMMARY

28 october             Chaam * Amsterdam * São Paulo * Cuiabá (Várzea Grande)

PANTANAL

29 october             Várzea Grande * Transpantaneira Highway * Fazenda Santa Teresa
30 october             Fazenda Santa Teresa (Rio Piaxim)
31 october             Transpantaneira Highway * Pousada Ipiranga Piuval
1 november           Pousada Ipiranga Piuval

CHAPADA DOS GUIMARÃES

2 november           Transpantaneira Highway * Várzea Grande * Cuiabá * Chapada dos Guimarães * Pousada Penhasco
3 november           Chapada dos Guimarães
4 november           Chapada dos Guimarães * Cuiabá * Várzea Grande * Alta Floresta

ALTA FLORESTA

5 november           Floresta Amazônica Hotel

CRISTALINO JUNGLE LODGE

6 november           Alta Floresta * Cristalino Jungle Lodge (Rocky Trail & Tower)
7 november           Tower * Taboca Trail
8 november           Serra Trail * Castanheira Trail
9 november           Haffer Trail * Teles Pires Island
10 november Hoatzin Lagoons * Tower
11 november Tower * Serra Trail
12 november Tower * Caja Trail * Alta Floresta (Floresta Amazônica Hotel)

ALTA FLORESTA

12 november Floresta Amazônica Hotel
13 november Alta Floresta * Cuiabá (Várzea Grande)
14 november Cuiabá * Sao Paulo
15 november Sao Paulo * Amsterdam * Chaam

DESCRIPTIONS OF THE SITES VISITED IN BRAZIL

PANTANAL

Accommodation:

Fazenda Santa Teresa near Pixaim. The Fazenda Santa Teresa is splendidly situated in a very peaceful location by the Pixiam river, well away from the small settlement of Pixiam.

Pousada Piuval near Pocone. Pousada Ipiranga Piuval is located 110 km from Cuiabá and 10 km from Pocone. The lodge is situated on a 7000 hectare cattle ranch with one of the most beautiful landscapes in the Pantanal, full of natural beauty.

The word Pantanal comes from the Portuguese word “pantano”, which means “swamp.” The Pantanal, the name given to the vast empty lowlands of south-western Brazil and eastern Bolivia, is famous for congregations of vast numbers of birds and mammals. The Pantanal is the largest wetland in the world, encompassing about 140.000 square kilometres of savannas, forests, rivers and lagoons. As much as 2/3 of the area is covered with water at the height of the rainy season, which begins in October and lasts until late March. During the dry season, primarily June through September, the area dries out until much of the standing water has shrunk into isolated pools.

This area is sparsely populated and contains many huge cattle ranches which provide the main source of employment in a region largely devoid of industry. In the north, low dry woodland, damp grasslands and gallery forest along the banks of a meandering river system create a mixed variety of habitats. Further south the woodland is relieved by broad expanses of swamp and marsh which are recognised as one of the most important wetland areas in the Neotropics.

The Pantanal is home to over 350 bird species. In addition to aquatic birds such as Jabiru and Sunbittern, the Pantanal is inhabited by several species of macaws including the endangered and much sought-after Hyacinth Macaw, the world’s largest parrot. Under threat throughout most of its range, this charismatic bird is still relatively easy to find in favoured parts of the Pantanal. In the extensive reed beds the brilliant Scarlet-headed Blackbird is often perched in the open.

Other birds include numerous raptors, guans, shorebirds, parrots, hummingbirds, and a great variety of songbirds. It is also home to Jaguars, which are regularly seen on night excursions by visitors to the area.

Species seen on our trip included:

Greater Rhea, Undulated Tinamou, Small-billed Tinamou, Tataupa Tinamou, Neotropic Cormorant, Anhinga, Whistling Heron, Capped Heron, Cocoi Heron, Great Egret, Little Blue Heron, Snowy & Cattle Egret, Striated Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Boat-billed Heron, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Least Bittern, Wood Stork, Maguari Stork, Jabiru, Plumbeous Ibis, Buff-necked Ibis, Bare-faced Ibis, Green Ibis, Roseate Spoonbill, Southern Screamer, White-faced Whistling-Duck, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Muscovy Duck, Brazilian Teal, Black & Turkey Vulture, Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, King Vulture, Osprey, Grey-headed Kite, Snail Kite, Mississippi Kite, Great Black-Hawk, Savanna Hawk, Black-collared Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Southern Caracara, Yellow-headed Caracara, Laughing Falcon, American Kestrel, Bat Falcon, Chaco Chachalaca, Chestnut-bellied Guan, Blue-throated Piping-Guan, Bare-faced Curassow, Limpkin, Grey-necked Wood-Rail, Azure Gallinule, Sungrebe, Sunbittern, Red-legged Seriema, Wattled Jacana, Black-necked Stilt, Southern Lapwing, Upland Sandpiper, Spotted & Solitary Sandpiper, Large-billed Tern, Picazuro Pigeon, Pale-vented Pigeon, Picui & Ruddy Ground-Dove, Scaled Dove, Blue Ground-Dove, Long-tailed Ground-Dove, White-tipped Dove, Grey-fronted Dove, Hyacinth Macaw, Golden-collared Macaw, Blue-crowned Parakeet, White-eyed Parakeet, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Nanday Parakeet, Monk Parakeet, Yellow-chevroned Parakeet, Scaly-headed Parrot, Blue-fronted Parrot, Orange-winged Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Greater Ani, Smooth-billed Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Striped Cuckoo, Great Horned Owl, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Great Potoo, Nacunda Nighthawk, Band-tailed Nighthawk, Pauraque, Spot-tailed Nightjar, Scissor-tailed Nightjar, Buff-bellied Hermit, Black-throated Mango, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, White-tailed Goldenthroat, Glittering-throated Emerald, Blue-tufted Starthroat, Amethyst Woodstar, Blue-crowned Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Amazon Kingfisher, Green Kingfisher, American Pygmy Kingfisher, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Black-fronted Nunbird, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Toco Toucan, White-wedged Piculet, White Woodpecker, Little Woodpecker, Green-barred Woodpecker, Campo Flicker, Pale-crested Woodpecker, Lineated Woodpecker, Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Pale-legged Hornero, Rufous Hornero, Chotoy Spinetail, Sooty-fronted Spinetail, Cinereous-breasted Spinetail, White-lored Spinetail, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, Greater Thornbird, Grey-crested Cachalote, Great Rufous Woodcreeper, Planalto Woodcreeper, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, Red-billed Scythebill, Great Antshrike, Barred Antshrike, Planalto Slaty-Antshrike, Large-billed Antwren, Black-bellied Antwren, Rusty-backed Antwren, Mato Grosso Antbird, Band-tailed Antbird, Helmeted Manakin, Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin, Southern Beardless Tyrannulet, Forest Elaenia, Greenish Elaenia, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant, Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Southern Antpipit, Yellow-olive Flycatcher, Fuscous Flycatcher, Euler’s Flycatcher, Vermilion Flycatcher, White-rumped Monjita, White-headed Marsh-Tyrant, Cattle Tyrant, Dull-capped Attila, Rufous Casiornis, Short-crested Flycatcher, Lesser Kiskadee, Great Kiskadee, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Streaked Flycatcher, Piratic Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Green-backed Becard, Black-tailed Tityra, Black-crowned Tityra, Brown-chested Martin, Purple Martin, Grey-breasted Martin, White-winged Swallow, Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Yellowish Pipit, Black-capped Donacobius, Thrush-like Wren, Moustached Wren, Buff-breasted Wren, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Masked Gnatcatcher, Purplish Jay, House Sparrow, Red-eyed Vireo, Ashy-headed Greenlet, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Masked Yellowthroat, White-bellied Warbler, Flavescent Warbler, Bananaquit, Chestnut-vented Conebill, Hooded Tanager, Grey-headed Tanager, White-lined Tanager, Silver-beaked Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Palm Tanager, Violaceous Euphonia, Red-crested Finch, Blue-black Grassquit, Rusty-collared Seedeater, Double-collared Seedeater, Lined Seedeater, White-bellied Seedeater, Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch, Saffron Finch, Red-crested Cardinal, Yellow-billed Cardinal, Saffron-billed Sparrow, Grassland Sparrow, Greyish Saltator, Green-winged Saltator, Black-throated Saltator, Unicoloured Blackbird, Scarlet-headed Blackbird, White-browed Blackbird, Bay-winged Cowbird, Shiny Cowbird, Giant Cowbird, Epaulet Oriole, Orange-backed Troupial, Yellow-rumped Cacique, Solitary Cacique, Crested Oropendola, Chopi Blackbird.

CHAPADA DOS GUIMARÃES

Accommodation

Pousada Penhasco in Chapada dos Guimarães. .

The spectacular canyonlands of Chapada are situated near the western rim of Brazil’s Planalto Central—a land of beautifully eroded and fractured red rimrock formations, drained by spectacular waterfalls and dissected by deeply-carved ravines. Small areas of forest are surrounded by cerrado, a habitat that comprises sparsely scattered bushes and low trees with thick grooved bark and gnarled and twisted branches.

Chapada dos Guimarães National Park support a number of species not found in the Pantanal such as Cinnamon-throated Hermit, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Rufous-winged Antshrike, Black-crested Tyrant, White-rumped Tanager, White-banded Tanager and the recently described Chapada Flycatcher among others.

Chapada dos Guimarães National Park protects large areas of cerrado habitat and the Agua Fria Road in the park is one of the best places to find many of the cerrado specialties. The elusive Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant is nomadic, moving to places that have burned in the past few years and then moving on when those areas become too densely vegetated.

At the magnificent Bridal Veil Falls Biscutate Swift, Blue-winged Macaw, Red-and-green Macaw and Yellow-billed Blue Finch can be found.

Species seen on our trip included:

Greater Rhea, Small-billed Tinamou, Red-winged Tinamou, Cattle Egret, Black & Turkey Vulture, King Vulture, Swallow-tailed Kite, Pearl Kite, Plumbeous Kite, Savanna Hawk, Roadside Hawk, White-tailed Hawk, Southern Caracara, Yellow-headed Caracara, American Kestrel, Grey-necked Wood-Rail, Red-legged Seriema, Southern Lapwing, Scaled Pigeon, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Scaled Dove, Blue Ground-Dove, Red-and-green Macaw, Blue-winged Macaw, Red-shouldered Macaw, White-eyed Parakeet, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Blue-headed Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Smooth-billed Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Pheasant Cuckoo, Tropical Screech-Owl, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Burrowing Owl, Great Dusky Swift, White-collared Swift, Biscutate Swift, Planalto Hermit, Cinnamon-throated Hermit, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, White-vented Violetear, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Horned Sungem, Blue-crowned Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Brown Jacamar, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, White-eared Puffbird, Lettered Aracari, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Channel-billed Toucan, Toco Toucan, Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Little Woodpecker, Campo Flicker, Rufous Hornero, Sooty-fronted Spinetail, Pale-breasted Spinetail, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Planalto Woodcreeper, Barred Antshrike, Planalto Slaty-Antshrike, Rufous-winged Antshrike, Plain Antvireo, Large-billed Antwren, Rusty-backed Antwren, Collared Crescent-chest, Band-tailed Manakin, Helmeted Manakin, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, White-crested Elaenia, Plain-crested Elaenia, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Southern Scrub Flycatcher, Campo Suiriri, Chapada Flycatcher, Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant, Grey Monjita, Crested Black-Tyrant, Cattle Tyrant, Sirystes, Great Kiskadee, Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Streaked Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Crested Becard, Masked Tityra, Brown-chested Martin, Grey-breasted Martin, Blue-and-white Swallow, Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Thrush-like Wren, Moustached Wren, Buff-breasted Wren, House Wren, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Pale-breasted Thrush, Purplish Jay, Curl-crested Jay, House Sparrow, Red-eyed (Chivi) Vireo, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, White-bellied Warbler, Bananaquit, Chestnut-vented Conebill, Black-faced Tanager, White-banded Tanager, White-rumped Tanager, Guira Tanager, White-lined Tanager, Hepatic Tanager, Silver-beaked Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Palm Tanager, Burnished-buff Tanager, Swallow Tanager, Coal-crested Finch, Blue-black Grassquit, Plumbeous Seedeater, Double-collared Seedeater, Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch, Pectoral Sparrow, Grassland Sparrow, Buff-throated Saltator, Black-throated Saltator, Yellow-billed Blue Finch, Giant Cowbird, Yellow-rumped Cacique, Crested Oropendola.

ALTA FLORESTA (FLORESTA AMAZÔNICA HOTEL)

Alta Floresta is considered by many ornithologists as one of the most diverse destinations for bird watching in the entire Amazon. With a bird list of 570+ species and new species found every year, the region of Alta Floresta and Cristalino River Basin have been visited by birders from all over the world

The Floresta Amazônica Hotel and the Cristalino Jungle Lodge have the same owner and all visitors of the lodge pass through there at least briefly. We spent a night at the hotel upon arrival and before departure home.

Next to the hotel there is a fragment of primary forest, which hold several interesting species.

Endemics such as Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Black-girdled Barbet and Cryptic Forest Falcon as well as rarities such as White-browed Hawk, Rufous-necked and Collared Puffbird are all found within 5 minutes walk of the breakfast buffet.

There is a nest of HARPY EAGLE with a dependant juvenile which is being seeing on a near-daily basis.

Species seen at Alta Floresta on our trip included:

Neotropic Cormorant, Cattle Egret, Striated Heron, Black Vulture, Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, Swallow-tailed Kite, Hook-billed Kite, Plumbeous Kite, Long-winged Harrier, White-browed Hawk, Grey Hawk, White Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Harpy Eagle, Southern Caracara, Collared Forest-Falcon, American Kestrel, Bat Falcon, Dark-winged Trumpeter, Purple Gallinule, Wattled Jacana, Southern Lapwing, Blue-and-yellow Macaw, Scarlet Macaw, Red-and-green Macaw, Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Red-bellied Macaw, White-eyed Parakeet, Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Hellmayr’s Parakeet, Golden-winged Parakeet, Blue-headed Parrot, Yellow-crowned Parrot, Mealy Parrot, Red-fan Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Greater Ani, Smooth-billed Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl, Burrowing Owl, Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, Reddish Hermit, White-tailed Trogon, Collared Trogon, Black-tailed Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Amazon Kingfisher, Blue-crowned Motmot, Paradise Jacamar, White-necked Puffbird, Black-fronted Nunbird, Black-girdled Barbet, Lettered Aracari, Red-necked Aracari, Curl-crested Aracari, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Lineated Woodpecker, Red-necked Woodpecker, Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper, Screaming Piha, Bare-necked Fruitcrow, Red-headed Manakin, Lesser Kiskadee, Great Kiskadee, Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Black-tailed Tityra, Masked Tityra, Brown-chested Martin, Thrush-like Wren, Black-capped Donacobius, Red-eyed (Chivi) Vireo, Palm Tanager, Turquoise Tanager, Blue-black Grassquit, Epaulet Oriole, Yellow-rumped Cacique, Red-rumped cacique, Crested Oropendola.

CRISTALINO JUNGLE LODGE

The Cristalino Jungle Lodge is one of the best birding spots of Brazil and South America. This remote lodge is nestled in a private rainforest reserve on a bend of the Rio Cristalino – a tributary of a tributary of a tributary of the distant Amazon.

The Cristalino Jungle Lodge is located on the right bank of the Rio Cristalino inside the Cristalino State Park, 40 km from Alta Floresta. Access to the lodge is by a well maintained dirt road and 30 minutes by boat.

Due to the barrier effect of rivers like the Madera, Xingu and Teles Pires which inhibit the dispersion of some species, the Cristalino Reserve has a high incidence of rare species.

It borders the Cristalino State Park and is therefore part of a continuous extensive protected area that extends northward into the adjacent state of Pará. This unique region contains many species found only in this part of the Amazon. The area contains pristine forest and aquatic habitats that support a very rich fauna and flora.

Facilities include an extensive trail system, a 50m tall tower (you need a scope there!) that rises above the forest canopy, and a clean black-water river where one can canoe and swim. Cristalino has equipment for use in the forest and a library to help visitors identify and learn about what they see, and the lodge is designed to combine rustic comfort with respect for nature.

Most of your time in the Cristalino will be spent walking trails, almost all of them level or gently sloping.

The Serra is a significant and challenging climb, but worth it for raptors (we saw Crested Eagle and Black Hawk-Eagle there), hummingbirds, tanagers etc.

All plans are off when an army ant swarm is discovered. These swarms are often attented by Black-spotted Bare-eyes, Bare-eyed Antbirds, Scale-backed Antbirds and White-backed Fire-eyes.

Three meals a day are prepared by a great kitchen staff. The food at the lodge is all buffet style and very good.

There is plenty of it so you can always have more if you want. Meals were had with your guide and everyone else on long tables. You can buy drinks or just drink the filtered water that is available all the time.

Species seen on our trip included:

Great Tinamou, Cinereous Tinamou, Little Tinamou, Brown Tinamou, Brazilian Tinamou, Variegated Tinamou, Neotropic Cormorant, Anhinga, Capped Heron, Cocoi Heron, Great Egret, Cattle Egret, Striated Heron, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Zigzag Heron, Wood Stork, Green Ibis, Muscovy Duck, Black Vulture, Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, King Vulture, Grey-headed Kite, Swallow-tailed Kite, Plumbeous Kite, Grey-bellied Goshawk, Black-collared Hawk, Grey Hawk, Crested Eagle, Harpy Eagle, Black Hawk-Eagle, Ornate Hawk-Eagle, Black Caracara, Red-throated Caracara, Barred Forest-Falcon, Cryptic Forest-Falcon, American Kestrel, Bat Falcon, Spix’s Guan, Red-throated Piping-Guan, Razor-billed Curassow, Marbled Wood-Quail, Hoatzin, Limpkin, Sungrebe, Sunbittern, Plumbeous Pigeon, Ruddy Pigeon, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Grey-fronted Dove, Violaceous Quail-Dove, Ruddy Quail-Dove, Blue-and-yellow Macaw, Scarlet Macaw, Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Red-bellied Macaw, White-eyed Parakeet, Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Hellmayr’s Parakeet, Dusky-billed Parrotlet, Golden-winged Parakeet, White-bellied Parrot, Orange-cheeked Parrot, Blue-headed Parrot, Yellow-crowned Parrot, Mealy Parrot, Red-fan Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Black-bellied Cuckoo, Greater Ani, Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl, Amazonian Pygmy-Owl, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Common Potoo, Short-tailed Nighthawk, Common Nighthawk, Blackish Nightjar, Ladder-tailed Nightjar, Sooty Swift, Grey-rumped Swift, Pale-rumped Swift, Chapman’s Swift, Short-tailed Swift, Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Great-billed Hermit, Reddish Hermit, Grey-breasted Sabrewing, White-necked Jacobin, Black-throated Mango, Festive Coquette, Black-bellied Thorntail, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Black-eared Fairy, Long-billed Starthroat, White-tailed Trogon, Collared Trogon, Blue-crowned Trogon, Black-tailed Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Amazon Kingfisher, Green Kingfisher, Green-and-rufous Kingfisher, American Pygmy Kingfisher, Blue-crowned Motmot, Brown Jacamar, Blue-cheeked Jacamar, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Paradise Jacamar, White-necked Puffbird, Pied Puffbird, Striolated Puffbird, Black-fronted Nunbird, White-fronted Nunbird, Swallow-wing, Black-girdled Barbet, Lettered Aracari, Red-necked Aracari, Curl-crested Aracari, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Channel-billed Toucan, White-throated Toucan, Bar-breasted Piculet, Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Red-stained Woodpecker, Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Ringed Woodpecker, Lineated Woodpecker, Plain-crowned Spinetail, Speckled Spinetail, Plain Xenops, Chestnut-winged Hookbill, Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner, Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner, Plain-brown Woodcreeper, Long-tailed Woodcreeper, Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Long-billed Woodcreeper, Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper, Strong-billed Woodcreeper, Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Curve-billed Scythebill, Fasciated Antshrike, Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Plain-winged Antshrike, Natterer’s Slaty-Antshrike, Spot-winged Antshrike, Cinereous Antshrike, Pygmy Antwren, Amazonian Antwren, White-eyed Antwren, Ornate Antwren, Long-winged Antwren, Rufous-winged Antwren, Dot-winged Antwren, White-fringed Antwren, Striated Antbird, Grey Antbird, Blackish Antbird, Manu Antbird, White-backed Fire-eye, White-browed Antbird, Black-faced Antbird, Warbling Antbird, Band-tailed Antbird, Black-throated Antbird, Bare-eyed Antbird, Scale-backed Antbird, Black-spotted Bare-eye, Rufous-capped Antthrush, Striated Antthrush, Variegated Antpitta, Spotted Antpitta, Thrush-like Antpitta, White-browed Purpletuft, Screaming Piha, Purple-throated Cotinga, Spangled Cotinga, Pompadour Cotinga, Bare-necked Fruitcrow, Blue-backed Manakin, White-crowned Manakin, Red-headed Manakin, Fiery-capped Manakin, Flame-crested Manakin, Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin, Wing-barred Piprites, White-lored Tyrannulet, Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet, Planalto Tyrannulet, Slender-footed Tyrannulet, Amazonian Tyrannulet, Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant, Snethlage’s Tody-Tyrant, Spotted Tody-Flycatcher, Ringed Antpipit, Large-headed Flatbill, White-crested Spadebill, Fuscous Flycatcher, Eastern Wood-Pewee, Drab Water-Tyrant, Long-tailed Tyrant, Cinnamon Attila, Rufous Casiornis, Sirystes, Greyish Mourner, Short-crested Flycatcher, Lesser Kiskadee, Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Dusky-chested Flycatcher, Sulphury Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Thrush-like Schiffornis, Chestnut-crowned Becard, Masked Tityra, Black-crowned Tityra, White-winged Swallow, White-banded Swallow, Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Black-capped Donacobius, Tooth-billed Wren, Moustached Wren, Coraya Wren, Scaly-breasted Wren, Musician Wren, Grey-cheeked Thrush, White-necked Thrush, Long-billed Gnatwren, Red-eyed (Chivi) Vireo, Grey-chested Greenlet, Tawny-crowned Greenlet, Golden-crowned Warbler, Bananaquit, Magpie Tanager, White-winged Shrike-Tanager, White-shouldered Tanager, Silver-beaked Tanager, Blue-grey Tanager, Palm Tanager, Purple-throated Euphonia, Thick-billed Euphonia, Orange-bellied Euphonia, Rufous-bellied Euphonia, Turquoise Tanager, Bay-headed Tanager, Masked Tanager, Opal-rumped Tanager, White-bellied Dacnis, Black-faced Dacnis, Yellow-bellied Dacnis, Blue Dacnis, Green Honeycreeper, Purple Honeycreeper, Swallow-Tanager, Lined Seedeater, Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch, Red-capped Cardinal, Pectoral Sparrow, Slate-coloured Grosbeak, Epaulet Oriole, Yellow-rumped Cacique, Crested Oropendola, Olive Oropendola.

DAILY LOG

Saturday 28th October

A long flight to Brazil with KLM was a conventional enough start to our journey. We had a short respite in our trip with a stopover at São Paulo in the late afternoon. We then transferred to an onward connection to Cuiabá in the state of Mato Grosso. We arrived at Cuiabá (actually Várzea Grande) at midnight, considerably later than scheduled and immediately were engulfed in the thick humidity and warm air of the big city. Paulo Boute collected us as planned and we headed straight to the nearby Cerrados Park Hotel.

Sunday 29th October

Next morning we headed off towards the Pantanal in a comfortable bus with A/C. The first notable birds were a pair of Red-legged Seriemas along the road, before even reaching Pocone.

Once through Pocone, the road turned into a broad dirt track, with a few puddles due to recent rains, and we descended gently into the Pantanal. The Transpantaneira dirt road runs almost 150 kilometres south into the Pantanal from the end of the pavement in Pocone. To keep the road above the level of seasonal flooding, it was built up by dredging dirt from the roadside. Because of this, the roadside ditches are one of the last places with water at the end of the dry season and with marshy areas on both sides of the road, birds began to appear in large numbers, dispelling any feelings of jetlag.

Easiest to get to grip with were the egrets, herons and ibises, including Buff-necked and Green Ibis, Greater Rhea, Limpkins and the huge Jabiru (building nests in trees right by the road). There were plenty of raptors as well, with many Plumbeous Kites, Mississippi Kite, Osprey, Black-collared Hawk, Yellow-headed Caracara, Roadside Hawk, Savanna Hawk, Great Black-Hawk and Bat Falcon. Best of all however was a magnificent pair of Hyacinth Macaws flying over and landing in a tree– wow! And so went the first morning in the open stretches of the Pantanal – one new bird immediately followed by another, sometimes three or four at a time, making it hard to decide where to look.

We arrived at the splendidly situated Fazenda Santa Teresa just before lunch – in a very peaceful location by the Pixiam River, well away from the small settlement of Pixiam. This hotel was reached along a bumpy dirt track surrounded by fields containing masses of ibises, egrets and a Marsh Deer. The Fazenda itself was fine, with mains electricity and hence constant A/C and quite reasonable food.

The first afternoon we boarded a boat behind our lodge and explored the Rio Pixiam. Late afternoon is a great time to be on this river. We saw Large-billed Tern, 2 Bare-faced Curassows, Blue-throated Piping-Guan and an endangered Chestnut-bellied Guan coming down for a drink. Hundreds of Spectacled Caiman lined the banks, waiting for night to search for the fish concentrated here late in the dry season and also a few Capybaras.

We also had good views of a Tapir eating water plants in the river. We were able to watch the large mammal at our leisure as it was eating. We also found a Boat-billed Heron, 4 Kingfishers including great looks at American Pygmy Kingfisher, Sunbittern and a magnificent Helmeted Manakin.

On our return trip at dusk we were escorted by Nacunda and Band-tailed Nighthawks. We did some spotlighting on the dirt tracks near the Fazenda and here we added Pauraque, Spot-tailed Nightjar and Scissor-tailed Nightjar on our birding tally.

Monday 30th October

The first morning in the Pantanal is one of the highlights for any birder. We were up very early for a slow walk from the Fazenda along the path by the river which leads into riverine forest. The mosquitoes were a nightmare here and within half an hour I was bitten more than 25 times in my arms. Marc gave me his insect repellent with deet and that helped a lot.

There was a huge variety of small birds, especially around the forest edge, allowing excellent views. Pride of place went to a Red-billed Scythebill, clambering up the trunk of one of the forest edge trees.

Also notable were White-lored Spinetail, Grey-crested Cachalote, Large-billed Antwren, Rusty-backed Antwren, Mato Grosso Antbird and Ashy-headed Greenlet. Larger birds included Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Greater Thornbird, Narrow-billed Woodcreeper, Great Antshrike, Green-winged Becard and Hooded Tanager to name but a few.

Hereafter we had breakfast. The first hours of the day at our lodge brought hordes of Saffron Finches, Yellow-billed Cardinals and three species of cowbird to the feeders and the beautiful Red-crested Cardinal made an occasional appearance. The abundant Rufous Horneros were joined by a Grey-crested Cachalote.

After absorbing the abundant birdlife on the lodge grounds we headed to a nearby gallery forest, where a small tower was built near the nest of a Great Potoo. Marc made excellent photos of a Great Potoo with a young.

Braving the mosquitoes we followed a trail along the river and were able to find a multitude of birds.

Chaco Chachalaca, Black-throated Mango, Band-tailed Antbird, Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant, Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher, Dull-capped Attila and Masked Gnatcatcher were seen amongst many others.

During the hottest hours of the day we had lunch and spent some time in the swimming pool.

Then we made a walk in the open area around the lodge. Here a wealth of species were to vie for our attention.

Amongst them were Snail Kite, Long-tailed Ground-Dove, Peach-fronted Parakeet, Monk Parakeet, Yellow-chevroned Parakeet, White-tailed Goldenthroat, White Woodpecker, Green-barred Woodpecker, Chotoy Spinetail, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, White-rumped Monjita, Streaked Flycatcher and Orange-backed Troupial.

Later in the afternoon as the temperature started to drop we made another boat trip on the Rio Pixiam. We saw almost the same species as yesterday. We again dipped the promised Giant Otters, but now we had good looks of a Sungrebe perched on a branch above the water. During this day we saw nearly 150 species – all within a few kilometres of our lodge!

Tuesday 31st October

Next morning a short walk from the fazenda produced amongst others Amethyst Woodstar and Little Woodpecker. After absorbing the abundant birdlife on the lodge grounds once more we boarded the bus and started toward the Transpantaneira highway. After a few kilometres we made a stop and walked to a nearby hacienda. In the fields we found Yellowish Pipit, Rusty-collared Seedeater, Chestnut-bellied (Lesser) Seed-Finch and Grassland Sparrow. At the hacienda we had also excellent scope views of the beautiful Nanday (Black-hooded) Parakeet.

We then headed to Pousada Ipiranga Piuval, stopping many times. In the extensive reed beds a few brilliant Scarlet-headed Blackbird perched in the open. We arrived just in time for lunch at Pousada Ipiranga Piuval, which was east of the road, just south of Pocone, in a somewhat drier area.

Later in the afternoon we went out for a walk into the drier wooded areas. We found some Chestnut-bellied Guans, White-edged Piculet, Planalto Slaty-Antshrike, a skulking Southern Ant pipit and White-bellied Warbler amongst many more widespread and well-known species.

Dinner was excellent at the pousada.

Wednesday 1st November

A very early start the following morning found us in the gallery forest near the pousada. Before we actually were in the forest we already had great views of a pair of Golden-collared Macaws, a pair of Hyacinth Macaws and a Great Rufous Woodcreeper. The first hours in the forest were very productive and more memorable birds included Grey-headed Kite, Buff-bellied Hermit, Streaked Xenops, Planalto Woodcreeper, Black-bellied Antwren, Forest Elaenia, Masked Gnatcatcher and Dull-capped Attila.

We encountered a particularly shy Undulated Tinamou that came close in response to the iPod and eventually showed well.

On our way out of the forest we encountered Fabiano Oliveira, a Brazilian bird guide, and he told us that he had seen a Pale-bellied Tyrant Manakin. We walked back to the place where Fabiano had seen the bird and we immediately found this elusive species, which was a first for everyone of course.

Of course we had a midday pause during the hottest hours of the day and most of us spent a long time in the swimming pool and in the hammocks on the veranda. At 3.00 p.m. we headed by tractor over the grasslands of the working cattle ranch to the nearby river. The grasslands were loaded with huge concentrations of herons, egrets, storks, ibises, ducks and mosquitoes. We made a boat trip on the river where we saw amongst many others Least Bittern and Large-billed Tern.

While having dinner at the lodge a very obliging Crab-eating Raccoon was seen under a mango tree.

Thursday 2nd November

Up at 4.00 o’clock. Next morning found us in the grasslands along the Transpantaneira, the last chance for the brothers Elzermans to see the Upland Sandpiper, a bird they wanted to see for many years. Luck was with them as a single migrant Upland Sandpiper was found in an extensive area of rough grassland.

Leaving the Pantanal is hard but we had a few stops planned on our ride to Chapada to ease the pain. Finding Black-throated Saltator, Pearl Kite and Laughing Falcon along the way really helped. Paulo’s stakeout site for Streamer-tailed Tyrant produced hardly anything.

We got back to Cuiabá, where we met Paulo’s wife Marluce. We then headed northeast for the 60 km drive to Chapada dos Guimarães. The road slowly climbed uphill and then hugged the red sandstone escarpment up to the plateau.

We made a stop and saw our first Red-and-green Macaw on its cliff nest and a few Cliff Flycatchers.

We had lunch at Chapada and then checked into our hotel Pousada Penhasco, located in the National Park overlooking the canyon lands. In the late afternoon we headed to the cerrado, to the well-known Agua Fria Road just a few minutes from the hotel.

New birds kept coming fast and cerrado specialities like White-eared Puffbird, Curl-crested Jay, White-banded Tanager, White-rumped Tanager, Plumbeous Seedeater and Black-throated Saltator were all very easy here.

We also found a Chapada Flycatcher, recently described to science. This limited range species is very similar to Campo Suiriri and for years was thought to be just that. We were able to see and hear the bird and watch it perform its distinctive display giving us a positive identification. We also had great looks at a White-vented Violetear and Burrowing Owls seemed to be everywhere. After a stop to stock up on beer and wine at a small super market, we headed to our hotel. The last kilometre produced a Crab-eating Fox, right by the car.

Friday 3rd November

With a pre-arranged early breakfast we were off into the cerrado proper in the National Park. The birding began extremely well, when we made a stop just outside the town for a Scaled Pigeon. While watching the pigeon a Pheasant Cuckoo started calling, and in spite of some initial frustration we all eventually obtained excellent views of this magnificent bird, I should have seen a long time ago in the Neotropics.

Along the Agua Fria Road Red-legged Seriemas were displaying. Other birds of note were Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, White-vented Violetear, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Plain-crested Elaenia and Campo Suiriri and we saw the beautiful little Coal-crested Finch also very well. We heard the Collared Crescent-chest. Paulo played the iPod and the tapaculo approached fast, low and unseen, calling like a maniac – and did not show! The bird was within 4 metres from our feet, but we failed to find it. We searched in vain for Rufous-winged Antshrike and Horned Sungem and also failed for Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant at Paulo’s favourite spot.

At mid morning we headed to some nearby gallery forest. A stroll in this forest produced a good variety of birds.

Here the most memorable birds included Cinnamon-throated Hermit, Channel-billed (Yellow-ridged) Toucan, Plain Antvireo, Band-tailed Manakin, Sirystes, Moustached Wren, Chivi Vireo and Guira Tanager to name but a few.

We had lunch near the beautiful Véu de Novia waterfall and from a vantage point we observed swirling flocks of White-collared and Biscutate Swifts. A walk to the falls did yield the anticipated Blue-winged Macaws.

They flew into the canyon below us and then landed in a tree, where we had excellent scope views.

On the rocky hills near the falls we also saw the striking Yellow-billed Blue Finch and behind the falls Great Dusky Swifts could be seen through the mist clinging to the rock faces on which they nest.

Saturday 4th November

On our final morning at the Chapadas everything fell into place. In the first 10 minutes of our visit a pair of the elusive Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrants showed well, then a pair of Rufous-winged Antshrikes appeared putting on a splendid performance at close range and finally we spotted a pair of Horned Sungems.

A last visit to the gallery woodland added Brown Jacamar to the list.

We returned to the city of Cuiabá to have a splendid meal at a local restaurant. We then headed to Paulo Boute’s house where we said goodbye to Marluce and then headed to the bus station.

At 4.00 p.m. we set off by bus (Real Norte) to Alta Floresta in the far north of the state of Mato Grosso.

Then we encountered a problem. The road was blocked by a few crashed cars. While waiting along the road, we discovered a pair of White-throated Kingbirds, a lifer for most of us. We had to wait more than one hour and somewhat delayed we arrived at 5.00 o’clock in the morning at Alta Floresta. Most of us had slept a few hours in the very luxurious bus.

Sunday 5th November

At the bus station we were picked up by the staff from the Floresta Amazônica Hotel, who transported us to the hotel. We were greeted at the hotel by Zuleica, a manager of Hotel Floresta Amazônica and the Cristalino Jungle Lodge. After breakfast in the hotel we met Eduardo Patrial, a young birdwatching guide and our companion for the next week.

Of course we headed immediately to the Harpy Eagle nest, hoping that we would see the juvenile bird and we were lucky. A full-grown young bird was perched on a branch above the nest and we had excellent scope views of this bird. After a few minutes however the juvenile eagle flew away. The rest of the day we spent in this tiny forest patch and although the forest was very quiet, we added a few species to our list.

An incredibly obliging Dark-winged Trumpeter put on a good performance and I hardly could believe it, but the bird seemed to follow us on the trail. Also memorable were Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Reddish Hermit, Collared Trogon, Dusky-billed Woodcreeper, Paradise Jacamar, Red-necked Aracari, Curl-crested Aracari and the beautiful Red-headed Manakin, while Scarlet, Blue-and-yellow and Crimson-bellied Macaws flew sedately overhead. In the late afternoon it rained for the first time while we were in Brazil. In a tree behind our rooms we discovered a Southern two-toed Sloth with young. A night time excursion failed to produce the Crested Owl.

Monday 6th November

Our pre-breakfast birding around the hotel was successful and Collared Forest-Falcon, Golden-winged Parakeet, Red-fan Parrot, Lettered Aracari and Crimson-crested Woodpecker were amongst the additions to our list.

From the hotel, it was about an hour bumpy drive along a dirt road to get to the boats awaiting us at Rio Teles Pires. The drive took us past pastures that Eduardo said were until very recently primary forest, once again reminding us that what we were seeing was under extreme threat and might not be around for future generations. The loss of one of the greatest ecosystems of the world would be a sore one in more ways than anyone could imagine. Our journey was interrupted by a profitable stop, to see a White Hawk perched in some roadside tree in superb light.

During the short boat trip on the blackwater Rio Cristalino we saw a Common Potoo, which perched obligingly on a branch in a dead tree. At the lodge we had a welcome drink, got briefed and then our luggage was transported to our rooms. We had a delicious lunch at the lodge and then off for our first experience of the tower. We went almost straight up to the highest level of 50m. At the top, the tower moved around a bit, but with only 7 people up, it provided a steady enough platform for our telescopes. We had superb views from the top over the forest – many of the tree tops are actually some way below! The birding was pretty good with our first Chapman’s, Grey-rumped & Pale-rumped Swifts, Ringed Woodpecker, Spangled Cotinga, Bare-necked Fruitcrow, Long-tailed Tyrant. Raptors included Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, King Vulture, Black & Red-throated Caracara and Grey-headed Kite. Also a party of White-bellied Spider-Monkeys passed by. When we returned to the lodge we heard a Spotted Antpitta and a Bare-eyed Antbird. When we returned at the lodge, we made our first effort in finding the Zigzag Heron, but despite the fact that the bird was within 5 metres of our boat, we did not see the bird! Dinner was great. A few beers and tired, rather hot, and deafened by cicadas we fell into bed.

Tuesday 7th November

At 4.45 a new effort by boat to see the Zigzag Heron and once again no luck. We had breakfast at 5.00 so we could get an early start on our morning activity, which was a hike to the viewing Tower near the lodge.

We spent a few hours on the Tower and were fairly successful in obtaining excellent views of Red-throated Piping-Guan, Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Dusky-billed Parrotlet, White-bellied Parrot, Orange-cheeked Parrot, White-throated Toucan, Red-necked Woodpecker, Black-crowned Tityra and Olive Oropendola. Sadly we only heard the newly described Cryptic Forest-Falcon.

After around 2 hours when the heat and the sweat bees became to hard to bear, we descended for our first go at rain forest birding from ground level. Venturing along the maze of trails we soon picked up the rare Grey-bellied Goshawk near the tower base. Other birds we encountered were Spix’s Guan, Blue-cheeked Jacamar, White-fronted Nunbird, Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner, Red-headed Manakin, Slender-footed Tyrannulet and Long-billed Gnatwren,

We arrived back at the lodge just in time for lunch and then had a relaxing time on the riverside decking, doing a bit of swimming and birding. Best of all was the Blackish Nightjar, which we found breeding on the roof on one of the cottages.

At around 3 p.m. we set out for the Taboca (Bamboo) trail. It was obvious that in the late afternoon birds are not as active as in the early morning. The birding was much harder work than in the Pantanal. Sightings were few and far between – there are supposed to be masses of birds in the forest – it’s seeing them that’s the problem!  Violaceous Quail-Dove, Plain-winged Antshrike, Cinereous Antshrike, Warbling Antbird, Black-faced Antbird, Black-spotted Bare-eye and Screaming Piha all gave good views with perseverance.

The last time I had seen a Screaming Piha was in 1993 at La Selva in Ecuador.

Wednesday 8th November

Early morning found us in the boat with out boatman Sebastian. On the short boat ride this morning to the Serra trail, we were treated to a Tapir swimming alongside the bank just opposite the boat. It climbed up on the bank, looked at us, returned to the water, swam a bit farther and then walked off into the forest. Yesterday we were a bit disappointed having seen not many birds on the Bamboo trail, but today on the Serra we saw birds everywhere. Our goal was to make a quick ascent up to the top of a granite dome before the sweat bees swarmed, but a flock interfered. We added a considerable number of species to the list here including, Rufous-breasted Hermit, White-necked Jacobin, Festive Coquette, Pied Puffbird, Plain-brown Woodcreeper, Natterer’s Slaty-Antshrike, Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant, Snethlage’s Tody-Tyrant, White-crested Spadebill, Tooth-billed Wren, Masked Tanager, Opal-rumped Tanager, Black-faced Dacnis and Purple Honeycreeper to name but a few.

At mid morning we arrived at the top of the granite outcrop, where we had a marvellous view over the rainforest.

The scenery was incredible, but in the distance, however, was reality, the cleared hills on the far side of the Teles Pires.

It was quiet here, but that changed suddenly when an impressive Crested Eagle amazed us with its majestic soaring flight, a bird I had not seen since my 1994 Venezuela trip. A few minutes later three Black Hawk-Eagles appeared, which gave superb views. It was now stinking hot, the sweat bees attacked us ferociously and we were all relieved to go back to the boat and head slowly for the lodge.

Just before lunch we again met Fabiano Oliveira. He guided us to the nearby Rocky trail, where he had located a small ant swarm and sure enough, there were the highly-desired ant followers, Bare-eyed Antbird and Black-spotted Bare-eye. Scale-backed Antbird and Curve-billed Scythebill near the same ant swarm rounded off a superb morning in the jungle. At midday it rained a bit, but we were nice and dry on the deck.
In the late afternoon we crossed the river to the Castanheira trail, a loop trail with lots of huge and towering castanheira (Brazil nut) trees, the highlight of which is a truly immense tree of that species. The trail itself was quite short, and things were rather quiet, but slow walking again turned up goodies, such as Razor-billed Curassow, Long-billed Woodcreeper and Musician Wren. We searched in vain for the Pavonine Quetzal, a bird I will probably never see in my life. Need I tell you that we again failed to see Ziggy Zaggy on our way back to the lodge. A little disheartened we returned to the lodge.

Thursday 9th November

Breakfast at 5 o’clock. This morning we walked the Haffer Trail, named after Jurgen Haffer, the ornithologist, who created this kilometre long trail into the forest for his research purposes. The Haffer Trail like the Taboca has a lot of bamboo, but the bamboo was even denser in places – there’s no such thing as an easy-to-work forest trail.

But, again, persistence paid off, and we scored with some really good birds, such as Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Fasciated Antshrike, Spot-winged Antshrike, White-eyed Antwren, Dot-winged Antwren, Blackish Antbird, Manu Antbird, White-browed Antbird and Slate-coloured Grosbeak, plus several repeats from the days before.

At mid-morning, we finally connected with a large mixed bird flock and picked up numerous species. At least 20 species were identified in the flock, amongst them Red-stained Woodpecker, Plain Xenops, Chestnut-winged Hookbill, Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner, Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper, Cinereous Antshrike the leader, Ornate Antwren, Pygmy Antwren, Tawny-crowned Greenlet, White-winged Shrike-Tanager and I finally got an identifiable look at a Tooth-billed Wren, a tiny high-canopy bird I had missed yesterday on the Serra.

On our way back to the lodge we stopped at the Castanheira trail, where the display of a group of White-crowned Manakins provided a behavioural memory for us all. Sebastian, our boatman, heard the Pavonine Quetzal and we really did our best to find this Nemesis bird, but of course it turned out to be a fruitless search. We spent the middle of the day around the lodge once more – still marvelling at the scores of different butterflies to be seen.

In the afternoon we visited the Teles Pires Island. Marc got stung three times by angry wasps, when we were admiring an Amazonian Antwren. The island was very birdy. Highlights during our stroll on the island included Plain-crowned Spinetail, Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Flame-crested Manakin, Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, White-lored Tyrannulet, Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet, Amazonian Tyrannulet and Spotted Tody-Flycatcher. It was already dark when we set off for the lodge. Sebastian and Eduardo did not give up in trying to find the Zigzag Heron. Finally, not far from the boat landing, a Zigzag Heron gave an incredible show and we had great looks from less than 4 metres at this most wanted bird.

Friday 10th November

An early start was necessary for the two hour trip upstream to the Hoatzin lagoons. After 100 metre Eduardo yelled HARPY EAGLE and we had incredible looks at an adult eagle, perched in a tree along the river.

En route, our only Pompadour Cotinga of the trip showed well by the river, although I would have preferred to see a male.

A quick bit of portage round a very shallow set of rapids in a cleared farm area also gave us Hellmayr’s Parakeet, the endemic Glossy Antshrike, Sulphury Flycatcher and Dusky Flycatcher. We saw a second Tapir, which heaved itself out of the river and crashed off into the forest. Pushing on upriver, we soon arrived at the first of several slack water lakes just off the main channel. These varzea swamps are the classic habitat for the Hoatzin. We soon located a few of these prehistoric birds. Rather better were Speckled Spinetail and Spotted Tody-Flycatcher.

At lunch time we were back at the lodge. After feasting on a tasty lunch and cold Skol beer we again headed to the Tower. The sweat bees were not too bad and we finally got good looks at the endemic Black-girdled Barbet.

Another stroke of good fortune was the finding of an Amazonian Pygmy-Owl at the base of the Tower.

Saturday 11th November

After some much-needed sleep we were up well before dawn. A large tarantula in the boots of Marc this morning scared the hell out of him. Then came torrential rain and we had to spent a great deal of the morning in the library. Eventually the rain stopped and at mid-morning we headed to the Tower. Initially it was a bit quiet on the tower, with only distant views of a King Vulture drying off after the rain. However, all this changed when a pair of Ornate Hawk-Eagles passed close by. A Black-bellied Cuckoo showed well and aracaris, macaws, parrots and parakeets were all the time in the vicinity of the tower. On our way back to the lodge we saw amongst others Long-winged Antwren and Greyish Mourner and at the clearing a White-bellied Dacnis.

After dinner we made another trip to the Serra. Of course we saw a lot of species we had seen during our last visit, but inevitably we found a few new ones such as Black-bellied Thorntail, Black-eared Fairy, White-browed Purpletuft and White-shouldered Tanager. A particular highlight was our encounter with the yellow and black undescribed dart-poison frog which Sebastian found.

Sunday 12th November

Our last day in the Cristalino, and once more it was time to get up that Tower! The sweat bees were so bad that our shirts, were covered with bees! All the birds we saw were the same ones we had seen before on the Tower, but when I thought to give up we had excellent views of a female Purple-throated Cotinga in the telescope.

Our last trail in the forest was the Caja trail. This last hour at Cristalino we found a great variety of birds. Particularly noteworthy here were Cinereous Tinamou, Blue-cheeked Jacamar, Bar-bellied Piculet, Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper, Grey-chested Greenlet and Orange-bellied Euphonia.

After a final lunch and sad farewells to a truly brilliant place to stay, it was time to take to our boats once more for the journey back to civilisation. Reluctantly we left the comfort of the lodge and caring hospitality of the staff to return to Alta Floresta. En route to Alta Floresta we saw a group of more than 75 Red-bellied Macaws and our only Hook-billed Kite of the trip. During the night excursion at the hotel the Crested Owl once again failed to cooperate, although we did see a Southern Tamandua.

Monday 13th November

Next morning we spent a few hours in the forest, where we saw not only the juvenile Harpy Eagle, but also an adult one. This trip was definitely an “Eagle” trip. The final additions to our bird list were a very obliging White-browed Hawk perched in a tree, which allowed a close approach and excellent views (thank you Staf) and a Long-winged Harrier flying over the marshy area was an extra bonus.

Then we said goodbye to Eduardo, Zuleica and also Victoria, director of the hotel and the lodge and made our way to the bus station. The daily rush of birds was over and an exciting trip had come to a close.

It was a long bus trip to Várzea Grande and we arrived at 5.00 o’clock in the morning at our hotel

Tuesday 14th November/ Wednesday 15th November
Up at 9.30 and we then headed to the airport. After a short TAM-flight to Sao Paulo, we boarded our KLM plane and the next morning we arrived in a cold and windy Amsterdam.


I think we all agreed that the trip was a success. In all we recorded 508 species, as wide a selection as one could hope for on an 18-day trip in Brazil. Yes, the Pantanal was buggy at times- more with mosquitoes, the sweat bees at Cristalino were troublesome, but nothing unbearable. We had some rain, but I think we all knew we could have had a lot more. Most of the rain fell during non-birding hours, so can’t complain too much.

This was indeed one of the best trips of the last five years and Brazil offers some of the best birdwatching I have ever experienced. I ended up with 69 lifers, probably the last time I will ever have that many ticks on a Neotropic birding trip, although next year Colombia, who knows!

The outstanding highlight of the entire trip for me was undoubtedly the Dark-winged Trumpeter watched very closely in the forest in Alta Floresta. My ten best birds of the trip? Zigzag Heron, White-browed Hawk, Crested Eagle, Harpy Eagle, Ornate Hawk-Eagle, Dark-winged Trumpeter, Hyacinth Macaw, Pheasant Cuckoo, Glossy Antshrike and Purple-throated Cotinga, surprisingly not all of them lifers.

I was very disappointed dipping Kawall’s Parrot, Brown-banded and Rufous-necked Puffbird and especially Pavonine Quetzal my personal Nemesis bird, but you cannot see them all as I have experienced so many times during my 25 years of birding all over the world.

Chaam, 15 December 2006,

If you need any help or further information, contact me at the following address and I’ll try and help if I can.

Jan Vermeulen
Bredaseweg 14
4861 AH Chaam
The Netherlands
Telephone:      (31) – 161 – 491327
E-mail:
jem.vermeulen@wxs.nl

SYSTEMATIC LIST OF BIRDS

This list follows the taxonomy, names and sequence of James F. Clements (Birds of the World, A Check List, Fifth Edition, 2000, including updates May 2000 – December 2005). This fifth edition is based primarily on the higher taxonomic sequence outlined in the “Handbook of the Birds of the World” series published by Lynx Edicions.

The Dutch names follow the translated “Complete Checklist of Birds of the World” (Complete Checklist van Vogels van de Wereld) of Michael Walters.

Numbers quoted are estimates of the minimum numbers seen.

FR     =     Forest Reserve

H       =     heard

*        =     endemic species

10+    =    minimum 10 birds

1.    GREATER RHEA, Rhea americana, Nandoe
Up to 3 a day in the Pantanal and 4 at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road) .

2.    GREAT TINAMOU, Tinamus major, Grote Tinamoe
Singles at the Serra and the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

3.    CINEREOUS TINAMOU, Crypturellus cinereus, Grauwe Tinamoe
1 on the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

4.    LITTLE TINAMOU, Crypturellus soui, Kleine Tinamoe
1 along the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

5.    BROWN TINAMOU, Crypturellus obsoletus, Bruine Tinamoe
1 along the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

6.    UNDULATED TINAMOU, Crypturellus undulatus, Marmertinamoe
A few heard and 1 seen at the Pantanal (gallery forest Pousada Piuval).

7.    BRAZILIAN TINAMOU, Crypturellus strigulosus, Braziliaanse Tinamoe
Singles at the Serra and along the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

8.    VARIEGATED TINAMOU, Crypturellus variegatus, Bonte Tinamoe
A few times heard in the Cristalino FR (H).

9.    SMALL-BILLED TINAMOU, Crypturellus parvirostris, Kortsnaveltinamoe
Singles in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães (H).

10.     TATAUPA TINAMOU, Crypturellus tataupa, Tataupatinamoe
1 in the Pantanal (gallery forest Pousada Piuval).

11.     RED-WINGED TINAMOU, Rhynchotus rufescens, Pampahoen
3 splendidly observed at Chapada dos Guimarães.

12.     LEAST GREBE, Tachybaptus dominicus, Amerikaanse Fuut
2 in a pond near Alta Floresta.

13.     NEOTROPIC CORMORANT, Phalacrocorax brasilianus, Bigua-aalscholver
Common in the Pantanal, a few at Chapada dos Guimarães and fairly common along the Rio Cristalino.

14.     ANHINGA, Anhinga anhinga, Amerikaanse Slangenhalsvogel
Fairly common in the Pantanal and regularly along the Rio Cristalino.

15.     WHISTLING HERON, Syrigma sibilatrix, Fluitreiger
Regularly observed in the Pantanal.

16.     CAPPED HERON, Pilherodius pileatus, Kapreiger
Up to 5 a day in the Pantanal, 1 en route Alta Floresta – Rio Teles Pires and 4 along the Rio Cristalino.

17.     COCOI HERON, Ardea cocoi, Sokoireiger
Common in the Pantanal, 1 en route Alta Floresta – Rio Teles Pires and 1 along the Rio Cristalino.

18.     GREAT EGRET, Ardea alba, Grote Zilverreiger
Fairly common in the Pantanal and 1 along the Rio Cristalino.

19.     LITTLE BLUE HERON, Egretta caerulea, Kleine Blauwe Reiger
1 along the Transpantaneira and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

20.     SNOWY EGRET, Egretta thula, Amerikaanse Kleine Zilverreiger
Up to 6 a day in the Pantanal.

21.     CATTLE EGRET, Bubulcus ibis, Koereiger
A common and widespread species.

22.     STRIATED HERON, Butorides striatus, Mangrovereiger
Fairly common in the Pantanal and small numbers every day along the Rio Cristalino.

23.     BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON, Nycticorax nycticorax, Kwak
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

24.     BOAT-BILLED HERON, Cochlearius cochlearius, Schuitbekreiger
2 along the Pixaim River in the Pantanal.

25.     RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON, Tigrisoma lineatum, Rosse Tijgerroerdomp
Fairly common in the Pantanal and a few along the Rio Cristalino.

26.     ZIGZAG HERON, Zebrilus undulatus, Zigzagreiger
Finally! A splendid observation at 3 metres along the Rio Cristalino near the platform.

27.     LEAST BITTERN, Ixobrychus exilis, Amerikaans Woudaapje
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

28.     WOOD STORK, Mycteria americana, Kaalkopooievaar
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal and 3 at the Teles Pires Island.

29.     MAGUARI STORK, Ciconia maguari, Magoeari
2 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

30.     JABIRU, Jabiru mycteria, Jabiroe
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

31.     PLUMBEOUS IBIS, Theristicus caerulescens, Grijze Ibis
Up to 4 a day in the Pantanal.

32.     BUFF-NECKED IBIS, Theristicus caudatus, Geelhalsibis
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal.

33.     GREEN IBIS, Mesembrinibis cayennensis, Groene Ibis
8 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal, small numbers along the Rio Cristalino.

34.     BARE-FACED IBIS, Phimosus infuscatus, Maskeribis
30+ along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

35.     ROSEATE SPOONBILL, Platalea ajaja, Rode Lepelaar
Up to 5 a day in the Pantanal.

36.     SOUTHERN SCREAMER, Chauna torquata, Kuifhoenderkoet
Small numbers in the Pantanal.

37.     WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK, Dendrocygna viduata, Witwangfluiteend
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

38.     BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK, Dendrocygna autumnalis, Zwartbuikfluiteend
Small numbers along the Transpantaneira and 30+ at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

39.     MUSCOVY DUCK, Cairina moschata, Muskuseend
Small numbers in the Pantanal and up to 4 a day on the Rio Cristalino.

40.     BRAZILIAN TEAL, Amazonetta brasiliensis, Amazonetaling
Up to 12 a day in the Pantanal.

41.     BLACK VULTURE, Coragyps atratus, Zwarte Gier
A common and widespread species.

42.     TURKEY VULTURE, Cathartes aura, Roodkopgier
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal.

43.     LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE, Cathartes burrovianus, Kleine Geelkopgier
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal.

44.     GREATER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE, Cathartes melambrotus, Grote Geelkopgier
Small numbers each day at Alta Floresta and in the Cristalino FR.

45.     KING VULTURE, Sarcorhamphus papa, Koningsgier
3 in the Pantanal and small numbers in Cristalino FR. One day we had a group of 7 birds circling above the forest.

46.     OSPREY, Pandion haliaetus, Visarend
3 along the Pixiam River in the Pantanal.

47.     GREY-HEADED KITE, Leptodon cayanensis, Grijskopwouw
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

48.     HOOK-BILLED KITE, Chondrohierax uncinatus, Langsnavelwouw
A single bird (dark morph) en route Rio Teles Pires – Alta Floresta.

49.     SWALLOW-TAILED KITE, Elanoides forficatus, Zwaluwstaartwouw
Up to 6 a day at Chapada dos Guimarães, 15+ at Alta Floresta and a few almost each day in the Cristalino FR.

50.     PEARL KITE, Gampsonyx swainsonii , Parelwouw
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 1 near Alta Floresta.

51.     WHITE-TAILED KITE, Elanus leucurus, Amerikaanse Grijze Wouw
A single bird south of Alta Floresta.

52.     SNAIL KITE, Rostrhamus sociabilis, Slakkewouw
Up to 3 a day in the Pantanal.

53.     MISSISSIPPI KITE, Ictinia mississippiensis, Mississippiwouw
A single bird along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

54.     PLUMBEOUS KITE, Ictinia plumbea, Donkergrijze Wouw
Common in the Pantanal, up to 4 day in the Cristalino FR.

55.     LONG-WINGED HARRIER, Circus buffoni, Buffons Kiekendief
A single sighting at Alta Floresta.

56.     GREY-BELLIED GOSHAWK, Accipiter poliogaster, Zuid-Amerikaanse Havik
A single bird at the Rocky trail in Cristalino FR.

57.     WHITE-BROWED HAWK, Leucopternis kuhli, Kuhls Buizerd
Splendid observation of 2 birds at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

58.     WHITE HAWK, Leucopternis albicollis, Grote Bonte Buizerd
A single bird en route Alta Floresta – Rio Teles Pires.

59.     GREAT BLACK-HAWK, Buteogallus urubitinga, Zwarte Arendbuizerd
Up to 4 a day in the Pantanal.

60.     SAVANNA HAWK, Buteogallus meridioinalis, Savannebuizerd
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães.

61.     BLACK-COLLARED HAWK, Busarellus nigricollis, Moerasbuizerd
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal and 1 at the Hoatzin Lagoons in the Cristalino FR.

62.     GREY HAWK, Asturina nitida, Grijze Buizerd
Singles on the Serra in the Cristalino FR and at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

63.     ROADSIDE HAWK, Buteo magnirostris, Wegbuizerd
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães.

64.     WHITE-TAILED HAWK, Buteo albicaudatus, Witstaartbuizerd
Singles at Chapada dos Guimarães and at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

65.     CRESTED EAGLE, Morphnus guianensis, Wurgarend
Great views of an adult circling low above the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

66.     HARPY EAGLE, Harpia harpyja, Harpij
Great views of an adult bird in a tree near the boat landing at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge. The bird could be studied for about 5 minutes in the scope. A juvenile seen either at or near the nest and an adult bird, both at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

67.     BLACK HAWK-EAGLE, Spizaetus tyrannus, Zwarte Kuifarend
Great views of 3 adult birds circling above the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

68.     ORNATE HAWK-EAGLE, Spizaetus ornatus, Bonte Kuifarend
Great views of a pair circling above the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

69.     BLACK CARACARA, Daptrius ater, Zwarte Caracara
Up to 3 a day while visiting the Tower and 2 along the Rio Cristalino.

70.     RED-THROATED CARACARA, Ibycter americanus, Roodkeelcaracara
A single bird from the Tower in Cristalino FR.

71.     SOUTHERN CARACARA, Caracara plancus, Zuidelijke Caracara
Common in the Pantanal and a few at Chapada dos Guimarães.

72.     YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA, Milvago chimachima, Geelkopcaracara
3 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

73.     LAUGHING FALCON, Herpetotheres cachinnans, Lachvalk
1 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

74.     BARRED FOREST-FALCON, Micrastur ruficollis, Gestreepte Bosvalk
Heard and seen on the Rocky trail in Cristalino FR.

75.     CRYPTIC FOREST-FALCON, Micrastur mintoni, Cryptische Bosvalk
We only heard this recently described species from the Tower in Cristalino FR (H).

76.     COLLARED FOREST-FALCON, Micrastur semitorquatus, Grote Bosvalk
A single one at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

77.     AMERICAN KESTREL, Falco sparverius, Amerikaanse Torenvalk
4 at Chapada dos Guimarães and a few at Alta Floresta.

78.     BAT FALCON, Falco rufigularis, Vleermuisvalk
3 in the Pantanal, 3 at Chapada dos Guimarães, 1 at Alta Floresta and always seen in tree tops along the Rio Cristalino, up to 4 a boat trip.

79.     CHACO CHACHALACA, Ortalis canicollis, Chacochachalaca
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

80.     SPIX’S GUAN, Penelope jacquacu, Spix’ Sjakohoen
2 from the Tower, 2 on the Serra and 1 at the lodge in Cristalino FR.

81.     * CHESTNUT-BELLIED GUAN, Penelope ochrogaster, Rossig Sjakohoen
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 9 in the gallery forest near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

82.     BLUE-THROATED PIPING-GUAN, Pipile cumanensis, Blauwkeelgoean
2 in the gallery forest at Fazenda Santa Teresa and also 2 in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval.

83.     RED-THROATED PIPING-GUAN, Pipile cujubi, Roodkeelgoean
Up to 4 each visit to the Tower and 6 during a boat trip on the Rio Cristalino.

84.     RAZOR-BILLED CURASSOW, Mitu tuberosa, Mesbekpauwies
A single one at the Castanheira trail in the Cristalino FR.

85.     BARE-FACED CURASSOW, Crax fasciolata, Maskerhokko
7 along the Pixiam River in the Pantanal.

86.     MARBLED WOOD-QUAIL, Odontophorus gujanensis, Gemarmerde Tandkwartel
A few times heard in the Cristalino FR (H).

87.     HOATZIN, Opisthocomus hoazin, Hoatzin
10+ at the Hoatzin Lagoons in the Cristalino FR.

88.     LIMPKIN, Aramus guarauna, Koerlan
Common in the Pantanal and 1 at Alta Floresta.

89.     * DARK-WINGED TRUMPETER, Psophia viridis, Groenvleugeltrompetvogel
A single bird in the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

90.     GREY-NECKED WOOD-RAIL, Aramides cajanea, Cayennebosral
5 along the Rio Pixaim and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

91.     PURPLE GALLINULE, Porphyrio martinica, Amerikaans Purperhoen
2 en route Alta Floresta – Rio Teles Pires.

92.     AZURE GALLINULE, Porphyrio flavirostris, Azuurpurperhoen
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

93.     SUNGREBE, Heliornis fulica, Kleine Fuutkoet
Astonishingly a bird seen perched on a branch above the water of the Pixaim River and 1 on the Rio Cristalino.

94.     SUNBITTERN, Eurypyga helias, Zonneral
3 along the Pixaim River and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal, 3 along the Rio Cristalino.

95.     RED-LEGGED SERIEMA, Cariama cristata, Kuifseriema
2 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal and 3 at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road).

96.     WATTLED JACANA, Jacana jacana, Leljacana
Common in the Pantanal and a few at the marshy area near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

97.     BLACK-NECKED STILT, Himantopus mexicanus, Zwartneksteltkluut
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

98.     SOUTHERN LAPWING, Vanellus chilensis, Chileense Kievit
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães and also a few in the Alta Floresta area.

99.     UPLAND SANDPIPER, Bartramia longicauda, Bartrams Ruiter
A splendid observation of a single bird near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

100.  GREATER YELLOWLEGS, Tringa melanoleuca, Grote Geelpootruiter
A single bird at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

101.  SOLITARY SANDPIPER, Tringa solitaria, Amerikaanse Bosruiter
Up to 4 a day in the Pantanal.

102.  SPOTTED SANDPIPER, Actites macularia, Amerikaanse Oeverloper
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

103.  LARGE-BILLED TERN, Phaetusa simplex, Grootsnavelstern
1 along the Pixaim River and 2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

104.  SCALED PIGEON, Patagioenas speciosa, Geschubde Duif
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

105.  PICAZURO PIGEON, Patagioenas picazuro, Picazuroduif
A single bird at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

106.  PALE-VENTED PIGEON, Patagioenas cayennensis, Rosse Duif
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

107.  PLUMBEOUS PIGEON, Patagioenas plumbea, Loodgrijze Duif
A few at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

108.  RUDDY PIGEON, Patagioenas subvinacea, Purperduif
A single bird at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

109.  RUDDY GROUND-DOVE, Columbina talpacoti, Steenduif
Common in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães, a few en route Alta Floresta – Rio Teles Pires and 20+ in an open area along the Rio Cristalino.

110.  PICUI GROUND-DOVE, Columbina picui, Picuiduif
Small numbers in the Pantanal.

111.  SCALED DOVE, Columbina squammata, Zuid-Amerikaanse Incaduif
Small numbers at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and at Chapada dos Guimarães.

112.  BLUE GROUND-DOVE, Claravis pretiosa, Blauwe Grondduif
3 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

113.  LONG-TAILED GROUND-DOVE, Uropelia campestris, Camposduif
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal.

114.  WHITE-TIPPED DOVE, Leptotila verreauxi, Verreaux’ Duif
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal.

115.  GREY-FRONTED DOVE, Leptotila rufaxilla, Grijskruinduif
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

116.  VIOLACEOUS QUAIL-DOVE, Geotrygon violacea, Bisschopskwartelduif
Singles on the Rocky Trail and Taboca Trail in the Cristalino FR.

117.  RUDDY QUAIL-DOVE, Geotrygon montana, Bergkwartelduif
A single observation at Teles Pires Island.

118.  HYACINTH MACAW, Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus, Hyacinthara
Up to 5 a day along the Transpantaneira and 4 in the vicinity of Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

119.  BLUE-AND-YELLOW MACAW, Ara ararauna, Blauw-gele Ara
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães and up to 10 a day at Alta Floresta and the Cristalino FR.

120.  SCARLET MACAW, Ara macao, Geelvleugelara
Up to 7 a day at Alta Floresta and the Cristalino FR.

121.  RED-AND-GREEN MACAW, Ara chloropterus, Groenvleugelara
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

122.  CHESTNUT-FRONTED MACAW, Ara severa, Dwergara
5 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and up to 20+ a day at the Cristalino FR.

123.  RED-BELLIED MACAW, Orthopsittaca manilata, Roodbuikara
2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel, 4 along the Rio Cristalino and a group of 75+ en route Rio Teles Pires – Alta Floresta.

124.  BLUE-WINGED MACAW, Primolius maracana, Illigers Ara
6 at Chapada dos Guimarães (Bridal Veil Falls).

125.  GOLDEN-COLLARED MACAW, Primolius auricollis, Geelnekara
3 pairs in the vicinity of Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

126.  RED-SHOULDERED MACAW, Ara nobilis, Roodschouderara
4 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

127.  BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET, Aratinga acuticaudata, Blauwkoparatinga
Small numbers at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

128.  WHITE-EYED PARAKEET, Aratinga leucophthalmus, Witoogaratinga
Small numbers in the Pantanal, Chapada dos Guimarães and at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

129.  PEACH-FRONTED PARAKEET, Aratinga aurea, Goudvoorhoofdparkiet
Fairly common at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

130.  NANDAY PARAKEET, Nandayus nenday, Nandayparkiet
15+ near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

131.  CRIMSON-BELLIED PARAKEET, Pyrrhura rhodogaster, Roodbuikparkiet
2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel, 10+ from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

132.  * HELLMAYR’S PARAKEET, Pyrrhura amazonum, Hellmayrs Parkiet
Up to 25+ a day at the Cristalino FR.

133.  MONK PARAKEET, Myiopsitta monachus, Monniksparkiet
Common in the Pantanal.

134.  DUSKY-BILLED PARROTLET, Forpus sclateri, Sclaters Muspapegaai
2 from the Tower at the Cristalino FR.

135.  YELLOW-CHEVRONED PARAKEET, Brotogeris chiriri, Chiririparkiet
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

136.  GOLDEN-WINGED PARAKEET, Brotogeris chrysopterus, Oranjevleugelparkiet
6 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel, 10+ from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

137.  WHITE-BELLIED PARROT, Pionites leucogaster, Witbuikcaique
Up to 5 each visit to the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

138.  ORANGE-CHEEKED PARROT, Pionopsitta barrabandi, Barrabands Papegaai
3 from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

139.  BLUE-HEADED PARROT, Pionus menstruus, Zwartoormargrietje
1 at Chapada dos Guimarães, fairly common at Alta Floresta and at the Cristalino FR.

140.  SCALY-HEADED PARROT, Pionus maximiliani, Maximiliaanmargrietje
2 pairs at the Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

141.  BLUE-FRONTED PARROT, Amazona aestiva, Blauwvoorhoofdamazone
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal.

142.  YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT, Amazona ochrocephala, Geelvoorhoofdamazone
5 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

143.  ORANGE-WINGED PARROT, Amazona amazonica, Oranjevleugelamazone
10+ at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

144.  MEALY PARROT, Amazona farinosa, Grote Amazone
2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel, 2 from the Tower and also 2 along the Rio Cristalino in the Cristalino FR.

145.  RED-FAN PARROT, Deroptyus accipitrinus, Kraagpapegaai
3 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and up to 5 each visit to the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

146.  SQUIRREL CUCKOO, Piaya cayana, Eekhoornkoekoek
2 each day in the Pantanal, 5 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and 3 at the Cristalino FR.

147.  BLACK-BELLIED CUCKOO, Piaya melanogaster, Zwartbuikkoekoek
3 from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

148.  GREATER ANI, Crotophaga major, Grote Ani
Rather common in the Pantanal and 2 at the boat landing near the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

149.  SMOOTH-BILLED ANI, Crotophaga ani, Kleine Ani
Common in the open visited ares.

150.  GUIRA CUCKOO, Guira guira, Guirakoekoek
Fairly common in the Pantanal, a few at Chapada dos Guimarães and at Alta Floresta.

151.  STRIPED CUCKOO, Tapera naevia, Gestreepte Koekoek
4 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

152.  PHEASANT CUCKOO, Dromococcyx phasianellus, Fazantkoekoek
A splendid observation at Chapada dos Guimarães.

153.  TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL, Megascops choliba, Cholibaschreeuwuil
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

154.  TAWNY-BELLIED SCREECH-OWL, Megascops watsonii, Donkerbruine Schreeuwuil
1 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and 1 at the Tower in the Cristalino FR (H).
Sometimes regarded as a separate species: SOUTHERN TAWNY-BELLIED SCREECH-OWL,
Otus usta.

155.  GREAT HORNED OWL, Bubo virginianus, Amerikaanse Oehoe
A single one at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

156.  AMAZONIAN PYGMY-OWL, Glaucidium hardyi, Hardy’s Dwerguil
A splendid observation near the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

157.  FERRIGINOUS PYGMY-OWL, Glaucidium brasilianum, Braziliaanse Dwerguil
Single ones at Fazenda Santa Teresa, Chapada dos Guimarães and at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

158.  BURROWING OWL, Athene cunicularia, Holenuil
Fairly common at Chapada dos Guimarães and 2 en route Rio Teles Pires – Alta Floresta.

159.  GREAT POTOO, Nyctibius grandis, Vale Reuzennachtzwaluw
A splendid sighting in a tree with a young at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal. The fazenda has made a “tower” near the tree.

160.  COMMON POTOO, Nyctibius griseus, Gewone Reuzennachtzwaluw
Great looks at a roosting bird along the Rio Cristalino.

161.  SHORT-TAILED NIGHTHAWK, Lurocalis semitorquatus, Kortstaartnachtzwaluw
A few seen over the Rio Cristalino at dusk.

162.  COMMON NIGHTHAWK, Chordeiles minor, Amerikaanse Nachtzwaluw
A single one seen over the Rio Cristalino at pre-dusk.

163.  NACUNDA NIGHTHAWK, Podager nacunda, Nacundanachtzwaluw
15+ near the Pixaim River in the Pantanal at pre-dusk.

164.  BAND-TAILED NIGHTHAWK, Nyctiprogne leucopyga, Staartbandnachtzwaluw
4 at the Pixaim River in the Pantanal at pre-dusk.

165.  PAURAQUE, Nyctidromus albicollis, Pauraque
Small numbers in the Pantanal.

166.  SPOT-TAILED NIGHTJAR, Caprimulgus maculicaudus, Vlekstaartnachtzwaluw
A single one at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

167.  BLACKISH NIGHTJAR, Caprimulgus nigrescens, Roetnachtzwaluw
Up to 6 a day in the Cristalino FR. Breeding on a roof at the lodge and seen on every visit to the Serra.

168.  LADDER-TAILED NIGHTJAR, Hydropsalis climacocerca, Trapstaartnachtzwaluw
4 seen over the Rio Cristalino at dusk.

169.  SCISSOR-TAILED NIGHTJAR, Hydropsalis brasiliana, Spiesstaartnachtzwaluw
A single one seen briefly at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

170.  SOOTY SWIFT, Cypseloides fumigatus, Rookbruine Gierzwaluw
A few from the Tower at the Cristalino FR was thought to be this species.

171.  GREAT DUSKY SWIFT, Cypseloides senex, Roetgierzwaluw
Small numbers at the Bridal Veil Falls in Chapada dos Guimarães.

172.  WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT, Streptoprocne zonaris, Witkraaggierzwaluw
Fairly common at Chapada dos Guimarães.

173.  BISCUTATE SWIFT, Streptoprocne biscutata, Witschildgierzwaluw
Small numbers at the Bridal Veil Falls in Chapada dos Guimarães.

174.  GREY-RUMPED SWIFT, Chaetura cinereiventris, Grijsstuitgierzwaluw
Fairly common at the Cristalino FR.

175.  PALE-RUMPED SWIFT, Chaetura egregia, Todds Gierzwaluw
Fairly common at the Cristalino FR.

176.  CHAPMAN’S SWIFT, Chaetura chapmani, Chapmans Gierzwaluw
Seen on every visit to the Tower in Cristalino FR.

177.  SHORT-TAILED SWIFT, Chaetura brachyura, Kortstaartgierzwaluw
5 above the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

178.  FORK-TAILED PALM-SWIFT, Tachornis squamata, Braziliaanse Palmgierzwaluw
Common at the Hoatzin Lagoons in Cristalino FR and 10+ en route Rio Teles Pires – Alta Floresta.

179.  RUFOUS-BREASTED HERMIT, Glaucis hirsuta, Roodborstheremietkolibrie
A single sighting near the clearing at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

180.  GREAT-BILLED HERMIT, Phaethornis malaris, Langsnavelheremietkolibrie
One observation of this troublesome species at the Cristalino FR. A few fly-bye Hermits were left unidentified.

181.  PLANALTO HERMIT, Phaethornis pretrei, Brilheremietkolibrie
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

182.  BUFF-BELLIED HERMIT, Phaethornis subochraceus, Bruinbuikheremietkolibrie
A single one in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

183.  CINNAMON-THROATED HERMIT, Phaethornis nattereri, Natterers Heremietkolibrie
A single one in the gallery woodland in Chapada dos Guimarães.

184.  REDDISH HERMIT, Phaethornis ruber, Rode Heremietkolibrie
Singles at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

185.  GREY-BREASTED SABREWING, Campylopterus largipennis, Grijsborstsabelvleugel
3 on the Serra at the Cristalino FR.

186.  SWALLOW-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD, Eupetomena macroura, Zwaluwstaartkolibrie
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road) .

187.  WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN, Florisuga mellivora, Witnekkolibrie
3 on the Serra and 1 on Teles Pires Island in Cristalino FR.

188.  WHITE-VENTED VIOLET-EAR, Colibri serrirostris, Witbuikvioletoorkolibrie
5 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

189.  BLACK-THROATED MANGO, Anthracothorax nigricollis, Zwartkeelmango
Up to 4 a day in the Pantanal and 1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

190.  FESTIVE COQUETTE, Lophornis chalybeus, Gepluimde Koketkolibrie
A single one on the Serra at the Cristalino Forest Reserve.

191.  BLACK-BELLIED THORNTAIL, Popelairia langsdorffi, Zwartbuikdraadkolibrie
A single one (♀) on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

192.  FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH, Thalurania furcata, Vorkstaartbosnimf
2 in the Pantanal, 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães and a few at the Cristalino FR.

193.  WHITE-TAILED GOLDENTHROAT, Polyhmus guainumbi, Witstaartgoudkeelkolibrie
3 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

194.  GLITTERING-THROATED EMERALD, Amazilia fimbriata, Franjeamazilia
4 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

195.  BLACK-EARED FAIRY, Heliothryx aurita, Zwartoorfeeënkolibrie
1 on the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

196.  HORNED SUNGEM, Heliactin cornuta, Zonnestraalkolibrie
A pair at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road).

197.  LONG-BILLED STARTHROAT, Heliomaster longirostris, Langsnavelsterkeelkolibrie
Singles on the Taboca trail and near the Hoatzin Lagoons in the Cristalino FR.

198.  BLUE-TUFTED STARTHROAT, Heliomaster furcifer, Roodvlaksterkeelkolibrie
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

199.  AMETHYST WOODSTAR, Calliphlox amethystina, Amethistboself
2 near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

200.  WHITE-TAILED TROGON, Trogon viridis, Witstaarttrogon
2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and singles on the Serra and at the lodge in the Cristalino FR.

201.  COLLARED TROGON, Trogon collaris, Gekraagde Trogon
2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and 1 on the Haffer trail and 1 on the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

202.  BLUE-CROWNED TROGON, Trogon curucui, Blauwkruintrogon
4 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal, 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 1 on the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

203.  BLACK-TAILED TROGON, Trogon melanurus, Zwartstaarttrogon
1 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and 1 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

204.  RINGED KINGFISHER, Ceryle torquata, Amerikaanse Reuzenijsvogel
A common species in suitable habitat.

205.  AMAZON KINGFISHER, Chloroceryle amazona, Amazone-ijsvogel
A fairly common species in suitable habitat.

206.  GREEN KINGFISHER, Chloroceryle americana, Groene IJsvogel
Small numbers along the Rio Pixaim and at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and also a few along the Rio Cristalino.

207.  GREEN-AND-RUFOUS KINGFISHER, Chloroceryle inda, Groen-bruine IJsvogel
Small numbers along the Rio Cristalino.

208.  AMERICAN PYGMY KINGFISHER, Chloroceryle aenea, Groene Dwergijsvogel
2 along the Rio Pixaim in the Pantanal and small numbers along the Rio Cristalino.

209.  BLUE-CROWNED MOTMOT, Momotus momota, Blauwkapmotmot
3 near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal, 3 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

210.  BROWN JACAMAR, Brachygalba lugubris, Bruinkeelglansvogel
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 6 along the River Cristalino.

211.  BLUE-CHEEKED JACAMAR, Galbula cyanicollis, Purperhalsglansvogel
1 at the Tree House and 2 at the clearing near the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

212.  RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR, Galbula ruficauda, Roodstaartglansvogel
Small numbers in the Pantanal, Chapada dos Guimarães and at the Cristalino FR.

213.  PARADISE JACAMAR, Galbula dea, Paradijsglansvogel
1 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel, 3 along the Rio Cristalino, 2 on the Serra and 2 on the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

214.  WHITE- NECKED PUFFBIRD, Notharchus macrorhynchos, Witnekbaardkoekoek
1 from the Tower in the Cristalino FR and 2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

215.  PIED PUFFBIRD, Notharchus tectus, Bonte Baardkoekoek
3 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

216.  WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD, Nystalus chacuru, Witoorbaardkoekoek
2 in the cerrado along the Agua Fria Road at Chapada dos Guimarães.

217.  STRIOLATED PUFFBIRD, Nystalus striolatus, Gestreepte Baardkoekoek
A single sighting on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

218.  BLACK-FRONTED NUNBIRD, Monasa nigrifrons, Zwartvoorhoofdtrappist
A fairly common and widespread species.

219.  WHITE-FRONTED NUNBIRD, Monasa morphoeus, Witvoorhoofdtrappist
Small numbers each day at the Cristalino FR.

220.  SWALLOW-WING, Chelidoptera tenebrosa, Zwaluwbaardkoekoek
Up to 8 a day along the Rio Cristalino.

221.  BLACK-GIRDLED BARBET, Capito dayi, Gordelbaardvogel
5 from the Tower at the Cristalino FR and 1 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

222.  LETTERED ARACARI, Pteroglossus inscriptus, Letterarassari
1 at Chapada dos Guimarães, 3 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and 4 from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

223.  RED-NECKED ARACARI, Pteroglossus bitorquatus, Roodhalsarassari
2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and up to 3 each visit to the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

224.  CHESTNUT-EARED ARACARI, Pteroglossus castanotis, Bruinoorarassari
3 in the Pantanal, 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 5 in the forest at the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

225.  CURL-CRESTED ARACARI, Pteroglossus beauharnaesii, Kroeskoparassari
A few at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and a few each visit to the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

226.  CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN, Ramphastos vitellinus, Groefsnaveltoekan
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

227.  WHITE-THROATED TOUCAN, Ramphastos tucanus, Roodsnaveltoekan
Up to 7 during visits on the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

228.  TOCO TOUCAN, Ramphastos toco, Reuzentoekan
Up to 3 a day in the Pantanal and 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

229.  BAR-BREASTED PICULET, Picumnus aurifrons, Goudkapdwergspecht
A single one on the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

230.  WHITE-WEDGED PICULET, Picumnus albosquamatus, Witschubdwergspecht
2 heard and 1 seen at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

231.  WHITE WOODPECKER, Melanerpes candidus, Witte Specht
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 3 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

232.  YELLOW-TUFTED WOODPECKER, Melanerpes cruentatus, Geelbrauwspecht
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães, 3 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel, 2 at the Teles Pires Island and 2 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

233.  LITTLE WOODPECKER, Veniliornis passerinus, Musspecht
A pair at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 4 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

234.  RED-STAINED WOODPECKER, Veniliornis affinis, Roodvlekspecht
2 in a flock on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

235.  YELLOW-THROATED WOODPECKER, Piculus flavigula, Geelkeelspecht
Singles on the Haffer trail and along the Rio Cristalino in the Cristalino FR.

236.  GREEN-BARRED WOODPECKER, Colaptes melanochloros, Groenbandspecht
Singles at Fazenda Santa Teresa and Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

237.  CAMPO FLICKER, Colaptes campestris, Camposgrondspecht
Up to 4 daily in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães.

238.  PALE-CRESTED WOODPECKER, Celeus lugubris, Bleekkuifspecht
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 3 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

239.  RINGED WOODPECKER, Celeus torquatus, Zwartborstspecht
1 from the Tower and 1 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

240.  LINEATED WOODPECKER, Dryocopus lineatus, Gestreepte Helmspecht
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal, 3 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

241.  RED-NECKED WOODPECKER, Campephilus rubricollis, Roodnekspecht
1 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and 1 from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

242.  CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER, Campephilus melanoleucos, Zwartkeelspecht
Singles at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

243.  PALE-LEGGED HORNERO, Furnarius leucopus, Bleekpootovenvogel
4 along the Pixaim River in the Pantanal.

244.  RUFOUS HORNERO, Furnarius rufus, Rosse Ovenvogel
Fairly common in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães.

245.  CHOTOY SPINETAIL, Schoeniophylax phryganophila, Witwangstekelstaart
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 4 near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

246.  SOOTY-FRONTED SPINETAIL, Synallaxis frontalis, Roetkruinstekelstaart
A single one in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

247.  CINEREOUS-BREASTED SPINETAIL, Synallaxis hypospodia, Grijsborststekelstaart
2 in the scrub near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

248.  PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL, Synallaxis albescens, Temmincks Stekelstaart
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

249.  PLAIN-CROWNED SPINETAIL, Synallaxis gujanensis, Cayennestekelstaart
1 on the Teles Pires Island.

250.  WHITE-LORED SPINETAIL, Synallaxis albilora, Okerborststekelstaart
A single one in the gallery forest near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

251.  SPECKLED SPINETAIL, Cranioleuca gutturata, Gespikkelde Stekelstaart
A pair at the Hoatzin Lagoons in the Cristalino FR.

252.  YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL, Certhiaxis cinnamomea, Geelkeelstekelstaart
Up to 4 a day in the Pantanal.

253.  GREATER THORNBIRD, Phacellodomus ruber, Grote Stekelkruin
Small numbers daily in the Pantanal.

254.  GREY-CRESTED CACHALOTE, Pseudoseisura unirufa, Grijskuifcachalote
3 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 3 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

255.  PLAIN XENOPS, Xenops minutus, Sparrmanns Xenops
2 at the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

256.  STREAKED XENOPS, Xenops rutilans, Gestreepte Xenops
2 in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

257.  CHESTNUT-WINGED HOOKBILL, Ancistrops strigilatus, Haakbekbladspeurder
A single one on the Haffer Trail in the Cristalino FR.

258.  CHESTNUT-WINGED FOLIAGE-GLEANER, Philydor erythropterus, Roodvleugelbladspeurder
2 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

259.  RUFOUS-RUMPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER, Philydor erythrocercus, Roodstuitbladspeurder
A single one on the Haffer Trail in the Cristalino FR.

260.  RUFOUS-TAILED FOLIAGE-GLEANER, Philydor ruficaudatus, Roodstaartbladspeurder
2 at the Taboca trail and also 2 at the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

261.  BUFF-THROATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER, Automolus ochrolaemus, Bruinkeelbladspeurder
A single one on the Haffer Trail in the Cristalino FR.

262. PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER, Dendrocincla fuliginosa, Grijswangmuisspecht
2 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

263.  LONG-TAILED WOODCREEPER, Deconychura longicauda, Langstaartmuisspecht
Brief views of this unobtrusive species on the Rocky trail at the Cristalino FR.

264.  OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER, Sittasomus griseicapillus, Grijze Muisspecht
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

265.  WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER, Glyphorhynchus spirurus, Wigsnavelmuisspecht
1 on the Haffer trail and 1 on the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

266.  LONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER, Nasica longirostris, Langsnavelmuisspecht
Often heard and up to 2 seen each day at the Cristalino FR.

267.  CINNAMON-THROATED WOODCREEPER, Dendrexetastes rufigula, Bruinkeelmuisspecht
2 on the Rocky trail in the Cristalino FR and 2 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

268.  GREAT RUFOUS WOODCREEPER, Xiphocolaptes major, Grote Muisspecht
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

269.  STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER, Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus, Reuzenmuisspecht
1 on the Haffer trail and 2 along the Rio Cristalino in the Cristalino FR.

270.  AMAZONIAN BARRED-WOODCREEPER, Dendrocolaptes certhia, Amazone Gebandeerde Muisspecht
A single one on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

271.  PLANALTO WOODCREEPER, Dendrocolaptes platyrostris, Planaltomuisspecht
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

272.  STRAIGHT-BILLED WOODCREEPER, Xiphorhynchus picus, Priemsnavelmuisspecht
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and 2 along the Rio Cristalino.

273.  BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER, Xiphorhynchus guttatus, Geelkeelmuisspecht
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and encountered at the clearing near the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.
Nowadays sometimes regarded as a separate species: DUSKY-BILLED WOODCREEPER, Xiphorhynchus guttatus.

274.  NARROW-BILLED WOODCREEPER, Lepidocolaptes angustirostris, Wenkbrauwmuisspecht
Up to 3 daily in the Pantanal.

275.  RED-BILLED SCYTHEBILL, Campylorhamphus trochilirostris, Kolibriemuisspecht
3 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

276.  CURVE-BILLED SCYTHEBILL, Campylorhamphus procurvoides, Kromsnavelmuisspecht
1 at an Eciton antswarm along the Rocky trail and 1 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

277.  FASCIATED ANTSHRIKE, Cymbilaimus lineatus, Zebramierklauwier
A pair at the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

278.  GREAT ANTSHRIKE, Taraba major, Grote Mierklauwier
3 near Fazenda Santa Teresa and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

279.  * GLOSSY ANTSHRIKE, Sakesphorus luctuosus, Rouwmierklauwier
Singles at the boat landing and along the Rio Cristalino on our way to the Hoatzin lagoons.

280.  BARRED ANTSHRIKE, Thamnophilus doliatus, Gebandeerde Mierklauwier
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal, 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

281.  CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE, Thamnophilus palliatus, Kastanjerugmierklauwier
1 at the Teles Pires Island.

282.  PLAIN-WINGED ANTSHRIKE, Thamnophilus schistaceus, Leikleurige Mierklauwier
Often heard and eventually seen on the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR.

283.  NATTERER’S SLATY-ANTSHRIKE, Thamnophilus stictocephalus, Natterers Gevlekte Mierklauwier
2 at the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

284.  * PLANALTO SLATY-ANTSHRIKE, Thamnophilus pelzelni, Planalto Gevlekte Mierklauwier
3 in the gallery forest near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

285.  RUFOUS-WINGED ANTSHRIKE, Thamnophilus torquatus, Roodvleugelmierklauwier
A pair along the Agua Fria Road at Chapada dos Guimarães.

286.  SPOT-WINGED ANTSHRIKE, Pygiptila stellaris, Vlekvleugelmierklauwier
A single one on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

287.  PLAIN ANTVIREO, Dysithamnus mentalis, Bosmiervireo
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

288.  CINEREOUS ANTSHRIKE, Thamnomanes caesius, Temmincks Mierklauwier
Often heard and seen at the Taboca trail, the Serra and the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

289.  PYGMY ANTWREN, Myrmotherula brachyura, Dwergmiersluiper
A few from the Tower and 1 on the Haffer trail in Cristalino FR.

290.  AMAZONIAN ANTWREN, Myrmotherula multostriata, Amazonemiersluiper
2 pairs in the riverine vegetation at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge and 1 at Teles Pires Island.

291.  WHITE-EYED ANTWREN, Myrmotherula leucophthalma, Witoogmiersluiper
A single one on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

292.  ORNATE ANTWREN, Myrmotherula ornata, Zwartkeelmiersluiper
A single one in a flock on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

293.  LONG-WINGED ANTWREN, Myrmotherula longipennis, Langvleugelmiersluiper
A single one in an understory flock on the Rocky trail in the Cristalino FR.

294.  LARGE-BILLED ANTWREN, Herpsilochmus longirostris, Langsnavelmiersluiper
6 in the gallery forests at Fazenda Santa Teresa and Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and heard at Chapada dos Guimarães.

295.  RUFOUS-WINGED ANTWREN, Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus, Roodvleugelmiersluiper
A few times heard on several different trails in the Cristalino FR (H).

296.  DOT-WINGED ANTWREN, Microrhopias quixensis, Spikkelvleugelmiersluiper
2 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

297.  WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN, Formicivora grisea, Witbandmiersluiper
A single one on the Serra in the Cristalino FR (H).

298.  BLACK-BELLIED ANTWREN, Formicivora melanogaster, Zwartbuikmiersluiper
1 in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

299.  RUSTY-BACKED ANTWREN, Formicivora rufa, Roestrugmiersluiper
A pair in the scrub at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal, 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

300.  STRIATED ANTBIRD, Drymophila devillei, Streepkopmiervogel
2 at the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR. Sometimes regarded as a separate species: XINGU ANTBIRD, Drymophila subochracea.

301.  GREY ANTBIRD, Cercomacra cinerascens, Grijze Miervogel
Many heard, 2 seen on the Rocky trail and 1 at the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

302.  BLACKISH ANTBIRD, Cercomacra nigrescens, Moerasmiervogel
A pair along the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

303.  MATO GROSSO ANTBIRD, Cercomacra melanaria, Mato-Grossomiervogel
3 near Fazenda Santa Teresa and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

304.  MANU ANTBIRD, Cercomacra manu, Peruaanse Miervogel
2 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

305.  WHITE-BACKED FIRE-EYE, Pyriglena leuconota, Witrugvuuroog
A single one at the end of the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

306.  WHITE-BROWED ANTBIRD, Myrmoborus leucophrys, Witbrauwmierkruiper
A pair on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

307.  BLACK-FACED ANTBIRD, Myrmoborus myotherinus, Zwartmaskermierkruiper
A single one on the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR.

308.  WARBLING ANTBIRD, Hypocnemis cantator, Orpheusmierkruiper
2 along the Rocky trail and 2 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

309.  BAND-TAILED ANTBIRD, Hypocnemoides maculicauda, Oevermierkruiper
2 along the Rio Pixaim in the Pantanal and 2 along the Rio Cristalino (Castanheira trail) in the Cristalino FR.

310.  BLACK-THROATED ANTBIRD, Myrmeciza atrothorax, Zwartkeelmiervogel
A single one on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

311.  * BARE-EYED ANTBIRD, Rhegmatorhina gymnops, Naaktoogmiervogel
Observed at an Eciton antswarm along the Rocky trail at the Cristalino Reserve..

312.  SCALE-BACKED ANTBIRD, Hylophylax poecilonota, Schubrugmiervogel
2 observed at an Eciton antswarm along the Rocky trail at the Cristalino Reserve.

313.  BLACK-SPOTTED BARE-EYE, Phlegopsis nigromaculata, Roodoogmiertimalia
Observed at an Eciton antswarm along the Rocky trail and on the Taboca trail at the Cristalino Reserve.

314.  RUFOUS-CAPPED ANTTHRUSH, Formicarius colma, Roodkapmierlijster
1 on the Castanheira trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

315.  STRIATED ANTTHRUSH, Chamaeza nobilis, Gestreepte Mierlijster
1 on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

316.  VARIEGATED ANTPITTA, Grallaria varia, Bonte Koningsmierpitta
1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR (H).

317.  SPOTTED ANTPITTA, Hylopezus macularius, Roodflankmierpitta
1 on the Rocky trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

318.  THRUSH-LIKE ANTPITTA, Myrmothera campanisona, Lijstermierpitta
1 near the Tower in the Cristalino FR (H).

319.  COLLARED CRESCENT-CHEST, Melanopareia torquata, Diadeemmaansluiper
A single one at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road) (H).

320.  WHITE-BROWED PURPLETUFT, Iodopleura isabellae, Witkeeldwergcotinga
A splendid observation on the Serra at the Cristalino FR.

321.  SCREAMING PIHA, Lipaugus vociferans, Schreeuwpiha
Often heard and 2 seen on the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR.

322.  PURPLE-THROATED COTINGA, Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema, Purperkeelcotinga
A ♀ from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

323.  SPANGLED COTINGA, Cotinga cayana, Halsbandcotinga
Seen on every visit to the Tower and often seen perched in the top of trees along the Rio Cristalino.

324.  POMPADOUR COTINGA, Xipholena punicea, Pompadourcotinga
A ♀ perched in the top of a tree on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

325.  BARE-NECKED FRUITCROW, Gymnoderus foetidus, Kaalnekvruchtenkraai    
Up to 5 daily in the Cristalino FR.

326.  BLUE-BACKED MANAKIN, Chiroxiphia pareola, Prachtmanakin
Singles at the Haffer trail and the Catanheira trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

327.  BAND-TAILED MANAKIN, Pipra fasciicauda, Bandstaartmanakin
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

328.  WHITE-CROWNED MANAKIN, Dixiphia pipra, Witkruinmanakin
4 ♀♀ at the Castanheira trail in the Cristalino FR.

329.  RED-HEADED MANAKIN, Pipra rubrocapilla, Roodkopmanakin
1 at the forest near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and regularly encountered in the Cristalino FR.

330.  HELMETED MANAKIN, Antilophia galeata, Helmmanakin
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 5 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

331.  FIERY-CAPPED MANAKIN, Machaeropterus pyrocephalus, Vuurkapmanakin
1 on the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

332.  FLAME-CRESTED MANAKIN, Heterocercus linteatus, Vlamkruinmanakin
A splendid sighting on the Teles Pires Island.

333.  PALE-BELLIED TYRANT-MANAKIN, Neopelma pallescens, Witbuiktiranmanakin
A splendid observation in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

334.  DWARF TYRANT-MANAKIN, Tyranneutes stolzmanni, Dwergtiranmanakin
A few heard calling along the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

335.  WING-BARRED PIPRITES, Piprites chloris, Streepvleugelmanakin
A few heard and 1 seen on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

336.  THRUSH-LIKE SCHIFFORNIS, Schiffornis turdinus, Bronzen Schiffornis
Singles on the Rocky trail and on the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

337.  WHITE-LORED TYRANNULET, Ornithion inerme, Witteugelvliegenpikker
A single one on the Teles Pires Island.

338.  SOUTHERN BEARDLESS-TYRANNULET, Camptostoma obsoletum, Zuidelijke Chaparralvliegenpikker
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road).

339.  YELLOW-CROWNED TYRANNULET, Tyrannulus elatus, Geelkruinvliegenpikker
2 on the Teles Pires Island.

340.  FOREST ELAENIA, Myiopagis gaimardii, Boselenia
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

341.  GREENISH ELAENIA, Myiopagis viridicata, Groene Elenia
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

342.  YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA, Elaenia flavogaster, Geelbuikelenia
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and 5 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

343.  WHITE-CRESTED ELAENIA, Elaenia albiceps, Witkuifelenia
A single one at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road).

344.  PLAIN-CRESTED ELAENIA, Elaenia cristata, Kap-elenia
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road).

345.  LESSER ELAENIA, Elaenia chiriquensis, Kleine Elenia
A single one near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

346.  SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER, Leptopogon amaurocephalus, Bruinkapleptopogon
1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

347.  PLANALTO TYRANNULET, Phyllomyias fasciatus, Schubkopvliegenpikker
A single one along the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

348.  SLENDER-FOOTED TYRANNULET, Zimmerius gracilipes, Slankpootvliegenpikker
1 on the Rocky trail and 1 on the Caja trail in the Cristalino FR.

349.  SOUTHERN SCRUB-FLYCATCHER, Sublegatus modestus, Struikvliegenpikker
A single observation in the cerrado at Chapada dos Guimarães.

350.  CAMPO SUIRIRI, Suiriri affinis, Campotiran
A single one in the cerrado at Chapada dos Guimarães.

351.  CHAPADA FLYCATCHER, Suiriri islerorum, Chapadavliegenvanger
A single one in the cerrado at Chapada dos Guimarães. A recent split from the Campo/Chaco Suiriri complex.

352.  AMAZONIAN TYRANNULET, Inezia subflava, Amazone-inezia
A single one on Teles Pires Island.

353.  RUFOUS-SIDED PYGMY-TYRANT, Euscarthmus rufomarginatus, Geelbuikdwergtiran
A pair at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road).

354.  HELMETED PYGMY-TYRANT, Lophotriccus galeatus, Helmdwergtiran
A few times heard and seen at the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

355.  SNETHLAGE’S TODY-TYRANT, Hemitriccus minor, Snethlages Todietiran
A splendid sighting at the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

356.  PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT, Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer, Witbuiktodietiran
A single one near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

357.  RUSTY-FRONTED TODY-FLYCATCHER, Poecilotriccus latirostris, Roodteugelschoffelsnavel
1 in the gallery woodland near Fazenda Santa Teresa and 2 in the gallery woodland at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

358.  SPOTTED TODY-FLYCATCHER, Todirostrum maculatum, Gevlekte Schoffelsnavel
1 on Teles Pires Island and 2 at the Hoatzin lagoons in the Cristalino FR.

359.  COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER, Todirostrum cinereum, Geelbuikschoffelsnavel
A single one at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

360.  RINGED ANTPIPIT, Corythopis torquata, Geringde Piepertiran
1 along the Serra trail in Cristalino FR.

361.  SOUTHERN ANTPIPIT, Corythopis delalandi, Delalandes Piepertiran
2 in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

362.  LARGE-HEADED FLATBILL, Ramphotrigon megacephala, Wenkbrauwbreedbektiran
A single one at the clearing near the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

363.  YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER, Tolmomyias sulphurescens, Groenkapbreedbektiran
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

364.  WHITE-CRESTED SPADEBILL, Platyrinchus platyrhynchos, Witkuifbreedbektiran
1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

365.  CLIFF FLYCATCHER, Hirundinea ferruginea, Zwaluwtiran
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

366.  FUSCOUS FLYCATCHER, Cnemotriccus fuscatus, Vinktiran
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and 2 on the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

367.  EULER’S FLYCATCHER, Lathrotriccus euleri, Eulers Tiran
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

368.  EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE, Contopus virens, Oostelijke Bospiewie
2 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

369.  VERMILION FLYCATCHER, Pyrocephalus rubinus, Rode Tiran
2 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

370.  DRAB WATER-TYRANT, Ochthornis littoralis, Vale Tapuittiran
1 along the Rio Cristalino and 1 on Teles Pires Island.

371.  GREY MONJITA, Xolmis cinerea, Grijze Monjita
4 at Chapada dos Guimarães (Agua Fria Road).

372.  WHITE-RUMPED MONJITA, Xolmis velata, Witstuitmonjita
2 near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

373.  CRESTED BLACK-TYRANT, Knipolegus lophotes, Kuifmoortiran
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

374.  WHITE-HEADED MARSH-TYRANT, Arundinicola leucocephala, Witkopwatertiran
Up to 4 a day in the Pantanal.

375.  LONG-TAILED TYRANT, Colonia colonus, Langstaarttiran
Every visit seen from the Tower and a few perched in trees along the Rio Cristalino.

376.  CATTLE TYRANT, Machetornis rixosus, Veetiran
Common throughout in open areas.

377.  CINNAMON ATTILA, Attila cinnamomeus, Kaneelatilla
Single ones near the Tower and on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

378.  DULL-CAPPED ATTILA, Attila bolivianus, Roestatilla
Heard at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 1 seen in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

379.  RUFOUS CASIORNIS, Casiornis rufa, Rosse Casiornis
5 near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 1 at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

380.  SIRYSTES, Sirystes sibilator, Sirystestiran
2 seen at Chapada dos Guimarães and 1 heard at the Rocky trail in the Cristalino FR.

381.  GREYISH MOURNER, Rhytipterna simplex, Grijze Treurtiran
1 near the Tree House at the Cristalino FR.

382.  SHORT-CRESTED FLYCATCHER, Myiarchus ferox, Kortkuiftiran
Daily seen in the Pantanal and 1 on Teles Pires Island.

383.  LESSER KISKADEE, Philohydor lictor, Kleine Kiskadie
Regularly encountered along the Rio Pixaim in the Pantanal and along the Rio Cristalino.

384.  GREAT KISKADEE, Pitangus sulphuratus, Grote Kiskadie
A common and widespread species.

385.  BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER, Megarhynchus pitangua, Bootsnaveltiran
A few in the Pantanal.

386.  RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER, Myiozetetes cayanensis, Roestvleugeltiran
Small numbers along the Rio Pixaim and the Rio Cristalino.

387.  DUSKY-CHESTED FLYCATCHER, Myiozetetes luteiventris, Kortsnaveltiran
A single one along the Rio Cristalino.

388.  STREAKED FLYCATCHER, Myiodynastes maculatus, Gestreepte Tiran
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

389.  PIRATIC FLYCATCHER, Legatus leucophaius, Piraattiran
3 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

390.  SULPHURY FLYCATCHER, Tyrannopsis sulphurea, Zwaveltiran
A bird showed well in its specialized palm habitat along the Rio Cristalino.

391.  WHITE-THROATED KINGBIRD, Tyrannus albogularis, Witkeelkoningstiran
2 were seen en route Cuiabá – Alta Floresta.

392.  TROPICAL KINGBIRD, Tyrannus melancholicus, Tropische Koningstiran
Regular seen, but not a common bird.

393.  FORK-TAILED FLYCATCHER, Tyrannus savana, Vorkstaartkoningstiran
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

394.  CHESTNUT-CROWNED BECARD, Pachyramphus castaneus, Kastanjebekarde
1 at the Haffer trail and 1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

395.  GREEN-BACKED BECARD, Pachyramphus viridis, Groenrugbekarde
3 in the gallery forest near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

396.  CRESTED BECARD, Pachyramphus validus, Kuifbekarde
A single one at Chapada dos Guimarães.

397.  BLACK-TAILED TITYRA, Tityra cayana, Zwartstaarttityra
3 in the Pantanal and 4 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

398.  MASKED TITYRA, Tityra semifasciata, Maskertityra
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães, 4 at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and 2 from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

399.  BLACK-CROWNED TITYRA, Tityra inquisitor, Zwartkruintityra
A pair at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and 3 seen from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

400.  BROWN-CHESTED MARTIN, Progne tapera, Bruinborstzwaluw
Fairly common in the Pantanal and near Alta Floresta.

401.  PURPLE MARTIN, Progne subis, Purperzwaluw
A single one on a wire along the Pantantaneira highway in the Pantanal.

402.  GREY-BREASTED MARTIN, Progne chalybea, Grijsborstpurperzwaluw
Fairly common in the Pantanal and a few at Chapada dos Guimarães.

403.  WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW, Tachycineta albiventer, Witbuikzwaluw
A very common species near water.

404.  WHITE-RUMPED SWALLOW, Tachycineta leucorrhoa, Witstuitzwaluw
2 south of Alta Floresta.

405.  BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW, Notiochelidon cyanoleuca, Blauw-witte Zwaluw
A single one at Chapada dos Guimarães.

406.  WHITE-BANDED SWALLOW, Atticora fasciata, Witbandzwaluw
Fairly common along the Rio Cristalino.

407.  SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW, Stelgidopteryx ruficollis, Zuid-Amerikaanse Ruwvleugelzwaluw
A few in the Pantanal and Chapada dos Guimarães, common along the Rio Cristalino.

408.  YELLOWISH PIPIT, Anthus lutescens, Gele Pieper
3 near Fazenda Santa Teresa and 3 near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

409.  BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS, Donacobius atricapillus, Zwartkopdonacobius
Small numbers daily in the Pantanal and a few at the Cristalino FR.

410.  THRUSH-LIKE WREN, Campylorhynchus turdinus, Lijsterwinterkoning
A few daily in the Pantanal and heard at Alta Floresta.

411.  TOOTH-BILLED WREN, Odontorchilus cinereus, Amazonewinterkoning
Singles from the Tower and on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

412.  MOUSTACHED WREN, Thryothorus genibarbis, Knevelwinterkoning
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa, 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 1 at Teles Pires Island.

413.  CORAYA WREN, Thryothorus coraya, Corayawinterkoning
1 along the Taboca trail in the Cristalino FR (H).

414.  BUFF-BREASTED WREN, Thryothorus leucotis, Witoorwinterkoning
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and heard at Chapada dos Guimarães.

415.  HOUSE WREN, Troglodytes aedon, Huiswinterkoning
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and a few at Chapada dos Guimarães.
The Handbook of Birds of the World, Volume 10 treat this as a separate species: SOUTHERN HOUSE WREN, Troglodytes musculus.

416.  SCALY-BREASTED WREN, Microcerculus marginatus, Noordelijke Nachtegaalwinterkoning
Singles at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge and along the Castanheira trail (H).
The Handbook of Birds of the World, Volume 10 treat this as a separate species, a split from Northern Nightingale-Wren, Microcerculus philomela:

SOUTHERN NIGHTINGALE-WREN, Microcerculus marginatus.

417.  MUSICIAN WREN, Cyphorinus aradus, Orpheuswinterkoning
Splendid observations of 3 birds at the Castanheira trail in the Cristalino FR.

418.  CHALK-BROWED MOCKINGBIRD, Mimus saturninus, Camposspotlijster
2 in the Pantanal and fairly common at Chapada dos Guimarães.

419.  GREY-CHEEKED THRUSH, Catharus minimus, Grijswangdwerglijster
A single observation on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

420.  RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH, Turdus rufiventris, Roodbuiklijster
A few in the Pantanal.

421.  PALE-BREASTED THRUSH, Turdus leucomelas, Vaalborstlijster
Small numbers daily at Chapada dos Guimarães.

422.  CREAMY-BELLIED THRUSH, Turdus amaurochalinus, Crèmebuiklijster
4 at Várzea Grande.

423.  WHITE-NECKED THRUSH, Turdus albicollis, Witneklijster
A few times heard at the Cristalino FR (H).

424.  LONG-BILLED GNATWREN, Ramphocaenus melanurus, Zwartstaartmuggensluiper
1 at the Taboca trail, 1 at the Haffer trail and 1 at the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

425.  MASKED GNATCATCHER, Polioptila dumicola, Maskermuggenvanger
1 – 2 birds seen each day in the Pantanal.

426.  PURPLISH JAY, Cyanocorax cyanomelas, Purpergaai
Fairly common in the Pantanal and 2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

427.  CURL-CRESTED JAY, Cyanocorax cristatellus, Kroeskopgaai
9 at the Agua Fria Road in Chapada dos Guimarães.

428.  HOUSE SPARROW, Passer domesticus, Huismus
Common in villages and towns.

429.  RED-EYED VIREO, Vireo olivaceus, Roodoogvireo
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal, 6 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 2 in the Cristalino FR.
Sometimes regarded as a separate species: CHIVI VIREO, Vireo chivi.

430.  GREY-CHESTED GREENLET, Hylophilus semicinereus, Grijsnekvireo
2 at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

431.  ASHY-HEADED GREENLET, Hylophilus pectoralis, Grijskopvireo
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

432.  TAWNY-CROWNED GREENLET, Hylophilus ochraceiceps, Okerkapvireo
A single bird in a flock along the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

433.  RUFOUS-BROWED PEPPERSHRIKE, Cyclarhis gujanensis, Roodbrauwpeperklauwier
Heard and seen at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

434.  MASKED YELLOWTHROAT, Geothlypis aequinoctialis, Zuid-Amerikaanse Maskerzanger
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

435.  GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER, Basileuterus culicivorus, Goudhaanzanger
1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR (H).

436.  WHITE-BELLIED WARBLER, Basileuterus hypoleucus, Witbuikzanger
1 heard in the gallery forest near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and 5 showed well in the gallery woodland at Chapada dos Guimarães.

437.  FLAVESCENT WARBLER, Basileuterus flaveolus, Amazonezanger
1 in the gallery forest near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

438.  BANANAQUIT, Coereba flaveola, Suikerdiefje
3 in the Pantanal, 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães and 4 at the Cristalino FR.

439.  CHESTNUT-VENTED CONEBILL, Conirostrum speciosum, Roodbuikspitssnavel
Small numbers daily in the Pantanal and at Chapada dos Guimarães.

440.  BLACK-FACED TANAGER, Schistoclamys melanopis, Sluiertangare
8 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

441.  WHITE-BANDED TANAGER, Neothraupis fasciata, Witbandtangare
At least 8 birds in the cerrado of Chapada dos Guimarães.

442.  WHITE-RUMPED TANAGER, Cypsnagra hirundinacea, Witstuittangare
Up to 6 each day as we visited the cerrado (Agua Fria Road) of Chapada dos Guimarães.

443.  MAGPIE TANAGER, Cissopis leveriana, Ekstertangare
Only 1 seen from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

444.  GUIRA TANAGER, Hemithraupis guira, Guiratangare
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

445.  HOODED TANAGER, Nemosia pileata, Kaptangare
2 pairs at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

446.  GREY-HEADED TANAGER, Eucometis penicillata, Amazonetangare
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and also 2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

447.  WHITE-WINGED SHRIKE-TANAGER, Lanio versicolor, Witvleugelklauwiertangare
A single bird in a flock on the Haffer trail in the Cristalino FR.

448.  WHITE-SHOULDERED TANAGER, Tachyphonus luctuosus, Witschoudertangare
A single bird on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

449.  WHITE-LINED TANAGER, Tachyphonus rufus, Zwarte Tangare
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal and a few each day at Chapada dos Guimarães.

450.  HEPATIC TANAGER, Piranga flava, Gele Tangare
A pair at Chapada dos Guimarães.

451.  SILVER-BEAKED TANAGER, Ramphocelus carbo, Fluweeltangare
A common and widespread species.

452.  BLUE-GREY TANAGER, Thraupis episcopus, Bisschopstangare
1 on Teles Pires Island and 2 along the Rio Cristalino.

453.  SAYACA TANAGER, Thraupis sayaca, Sayacatangare
Small numbers each day in the Pantanal and at Chapada dos Guimarães.

454.  PALM TANAGER, Thraupis palmarum, Palmtangare
A fairly common and widespread species.

455.  PURPLE-THROATED EUPHONIA, Euphonia chlorotica, Purperkeelorganist
A single one on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

456.  VIOLACEOUS EUPHONIA, Euphonia violacea, Violette Organist
A pair at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

457.  THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA, Euphonia laniirostris, Dikbekorganist
4 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

458.  ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA, Euphonia xanthogaster, Vuurbuikorganist
1 on the Serra and 2 on the Caja trail at the Cristalino FR.

459.  RUFOUS-BELLIED EUPHONIA, Euphonia rufiventris, Roodbuikorganist
1 near the lodge and 3 from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

460.  TURQUOISE TANAGER, Tangara mexicana, Turkooistangare
1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR and 1 at the forest fragment near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

461.  BAY-HEADED TANAGER, Tangara gyrola, Okerkaptangare
1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

462.  BURNISHED-BUFF TANAGER, Tangara cayana, Sabeltangare
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

463.  MASKED TANAGER, Tangara nigrocincta, Maskertangare
2 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

464.  OPAL-RUMPED TANAGER, Tangara velia, Opaalstuittangare
3 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

465.  WHITE-BELLIED DACNIS, Dacnis albiventris, Witbuikpitpit
A single one at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

466.  BLACK-FACED DACNIS, Dacnis lineata, Zwartmaskerpitpit
2 from the Tower and 2 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

467.  YELLOW-BELLIED DACNIS, Dacnis flaviventer, Geelbuikpitpit
4 on Teles Pires Island.

468.  BLUE DACNIS, Dacnis cayana, Blauwe Pitpit
1 at Alta Floresta and 4 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

469.  GREEN HONEYCREEPER, Chlorophanes spiza, Groene Suikervogel
5 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

470.  PURPLE HONEYCREEPER, Cyanerpes caeruleus, Purperen Suikervogel
3 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

471.  SWALLOW-TANAGER, Tersina viridis, Zwaluwtangare
6 at Chapada dos Guimarães and a few at the Cristalino FR.

472.  COAL-CRESTED FINCH, Charitospiza eucosma, Meesgors
2 in the cerrado at Chapada dos Guimarães.

473.  RED-CRESTED FINCH, Coryphospingus cucullatus, Rode Kroongors
1 at Fazenda Santa Teresa and 2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

474.  BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT, Volatinia jacarina, Witbrauwgrasgors
Fairly common in open areas.

475.  PLUMBEOUS SEEDEATER, Sporophila plumbea, Loodgrijs Dikbekje
Small numbers in the cerrado at Chapada dos Guimarães.

476.  RUSTY-COLLARED SEEDEATER, Sporophila collaris, Roestnekdikbekje
Small numbers in the Pantanal.

477.  LINED SEEDEATER, Sporophila lineola, Witsterdikbekje
3 along the Transpantaneira, 8 in an open area along the Rio Cristalino and 2 at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

478.  DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER, Sporophila caerulescens, Witbaarddikbekje
2 near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal and 3 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

479.  WHITE-BELLIED SEEDEATER, Sporophila leucoptera, Witbuikdikbekje
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

480.  CHESTNUT-BELLIED SEED-FINCH, Oryzoborus angolensis, Zwartkopzaadkraker
2 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal and 1 in an open area along the Rio Cristalino.

481.  SAFFRON FINCH, Sicalis flaveola, Gewone Saffraangors
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

482.  WEDGE-TAILED GRASS-FINCH, Emberizoides herbicola, Wigstaartgrasgors
2 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

483.  RED-CRESTED CARDINAL, Paroaria coronata, Roodkuifkardinaal
A few in the Pantanal.

484.  RED-CAPPED CARDINAL, Paroaria gularis, Zwartkeelkardinaal
Regularly encountered along the Rio Cristalino.

485.  YELLOW-BILLED CARDINAL, Paroaria capitata, Geelsnavelkardinaal
Common in the Pantanal.

486.  PECTORAL SPARROW, Arremon taciturnus, Olijfruggors
2 in the gallery woodland at Chapada dos Guimarães and 1 on the Serra trail in the Cristalino FR.

487.  SAFFRON-BILLED SPARROW, Arremon flavirostris, Geelsnavelgors
2 in the gallery woodland near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

488.  GRASSLAND SPARROW, Ammodramus humeralis, Graslandgors
Small numbers in the Pantanal and at Chapada dos Guimarães.

489.  GREYISH SALTATOR, Saltator coerulescens, Grijze Saltator
A few each day in the Pantanal.

490.  BUFF-THROATED SALTATOR, Saltator maximus, Bontkeelsaltator
3 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

491.  SLATE-COLOURED GROSBEAK, Saltator grossus, Witkeelkardinaal
3 on the Haffer trail and 1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

492.  GREEN-WINGED SALTATOR, Saltator similis, Groenvleugelsaltator
1 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

493.  BLACK-THROATED SALTATOR, Saltator atricollis, Zwartkeelsaltator
1 near Poconé and up to 8 each visit to the cerrado at Chapada dos Guimarães.

494.  YELLOW-BILLED BLUE FINCH, Porphyrospiza caerulescens, Kobaltgors
A splendid observation near the Bridal Veil Falls at Chapada dos Guimarães.

495.  UNICOLOURED BLACKBIRD, Agelaius cyanopus, Moerastroepiaal
Fairly common in the Pantanal.

496.  WHITE-BROWED BLACKBIRD, Sturnella superciliaris, Witbrauwsoldatenspreeuw
A single one near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

497.  BAY-WINGED COWBIRD, Molothrus badius, Bruine Koevogel
Small numbers in the Pantanal.

498.  SHINY COWBIRD, Molothrus bonariensis, Glanskoevogel
Small numbers in the Pantanal and at Chapada dos Guimarães.

499.  GIANT COWBIRD, Molothrus oryzivorus, Grote Koevogel
Small numbers in the Pantanal.

500.  EPAULET ORIOLE, Icterus cayanensis, Roodboegtroepiaal
2 at Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal, 1 at Alta Floresta and 1 on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

501.  ORANGE-BACKED TROUPIAL, Icterus croconotus, Oranjerugtroepiaal
2 – 3 seen each day in the Pantanal.

502.  YELLOW-RUMPED CACIQUE, Cacicus cela, Geelstuitbuidelspreeuw
A common species throughout the places visited.

503.  RED-RUMPED CACIQUE, Cacicus haemorrhous, Roodstuitbuidelspreeuw
1 at Alta Floresta and a few at the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

504.  SOLITARY CACIQUE, Cacicus solitarius, Zwarte Buidelspreeuw
Small numbers daily in the Pantanal.

505.  CRESTED OROPENDOLA, Psarocolius decumanus, Kuiforopendola
Regularly encounters in the Pantanal and at the Cristalino FR and 1 at Chapada dos Guimarães.

506.  AMAZONIAN OROPENDOLA, Gymnostinops bifasciatus, Paraoropendola
Small numbers in the Cristalino FR.

507.  SCARLET-HEADED BLACKBIRD, Amblyramphus holosericeus, Roodkoptroepiaal
5 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

508.  CHOPI BLACKBIRD, Gnorimopsar chopi, Chopitroepiaal
Small numbers in the Pantanal and at Chapada dos Guimarães.

SYSTEMATIC LIST OF MAMMALS

This list follows the taxonomy, names and sequence of the Mammal Data by BirdBase & BirdArea by Andrew Duff and Ann Lawson.

Numbers quoted are estimates of the minimum numbers seen.

1.       SOUTHERN TAMANDUA, Tamandua tetradactyla, Zuidelijke Boommiereneter
1 with young at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

2.    SOUTHERN TWO-TOED SLOTH, Choloepus didactylus, Tweevingerige Luiaard
1 with young at the forest patch near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

3.    GUINEAN SQUIRREL, Sciurus aestuans, Braziliaanse Eekhoorn
A single one from the Tower in the Cristalino FR.

4.    AZARA’S AGOUTI, Dasyprocta azarae, Azara’s Agouti
1 in the Pantanal and fairly common at the Floresta Amazônica Hotel.

5.    CAPYBARA, Hydrocoerus hydrocaerus, Capybara
Small numbers in the Pantanal, a few near the Floresta Amazônica Hotel and in the Cristalino FR.

6.    HOARY FOX, Lycalopex vetulus, Braziliaanse Vos
A single sighting at Pousada Penhasco in Chapada dos Guimarães.

7.    CRAB-EATING FOX, Cerdocyon thous, Krabbenetende Vos
2 at Pousada Penhasco.

8.    SOUTH AMERICAN COATI, Nasua nasua, Rode Neusbeer
A single sighting at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

9.    CRAB-EATING RACCOON, Procyon cancrivorus, Krabbenetende Wasbeer
A single sighting at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

10.     PROBOSCIS BAT, Rhynchonycteris naso, Langneusvleermuis
A few seen under a log in the Rio Cristalino.

11.     BRAZILIAN FREE-TAILED BAT, Tadarida brasiliensis, Guanovleermuis
Small numbers in the Pantanal.

12.     SILVERY MARMOSET, Callithrix flaviceps, Geelkoppenseelaapje
5 in the gallery forest near Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

13.     BROWN CAPUCHIN, Capus apella, Bruine Kapucijnaap
5 near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal, fairly common at the forest patch in Alta Floresta and in the Cristalino FR.

14.     WHITE-NOSED BEARDED SAKI, Chiropotes albinasus, Witneussaki
3 in the forest fragmentin Alta Floresta.

15.     BLACK SPIDER-MONKEY, Ateles paniscus, Bosduivel
A few at the forest fragment in Alta Floresta.

16.     WHITE-BELLIED SPIDER MONKEY, Ateles belzebuth, Witbuikslingeraap
Small numbers daily in Cristalino FR.

17.     RED-HANDED HOWLER MONKEY, Alouatta belzebul, Roodhandbrulaap
Only heard during the night in the Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

18.     BLACK HOWLER MONKEY, Aloutta caraya, Zwarte Brulaap
2 along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

19.     MARSH DEER, Blastocerus dichotomus, Zuid-Amerikaans Moerashert
3 near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

20.     RED BROCKET, Mazama americana, Rood Spierhert
2 at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

21.     SOUTH AMERICAN TAPIR, Tapirus terrestris, Laaglandtapir
1 in the Pixaim River in the Pantanal and 2 in the Rio Cristalino.

REPTILE & AMPHIBIAN SPECIES LIST

DENDROBATES species
This striking yellow and black undescribed dart-poison frog was seen on the Serra in the Cristalino FR.

HYLA FROG, Hyla species
A few near Fazenda Santa Teresa in the Pantanal.

CANE TOAD, Bufo marinus
Fairly common at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.

SPECTACLED CAYMAN, Caiman crocodiles
Commonly encountered in the Pantanal and a few along the Rio Cristalino.

YELLOW-SPOTTED RIVER TURTLE, Podocnemis unifilis
Commonly basking on logs along the Rio Cristalino.

GREEN IGUANA, Iguana iguana
3 in the Pantanal and 1 at Alta Floresta.

TEGU LIZARD, Tupinambis duseni
A few along the Transpantaneira in the Pantanal.

COLLARED LIZARD, Crotaphytus collaris
A few in the Pantanal.

CORAL SNAKE, Micrusrus species
A single one in the gallery forest at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.